Dream of Solomon

Dream of Solomon

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The Old Testament - A Brief Overview

David ordained that his son Solomon become the next king. He then gave Solomon the plans for the Temple and said:

1 Chr 28:9-11 "As for you, my son Solomon, know the God of your father, and serve Him with a loyal heart and with a willing mind for the LORD searches all hearts and understands all the intent of the thoughts. If you seek Him, He will be found by you but if you forsake Him, He will cast you off forever. "Consider now, for the LORD has chosen you to build a house for the sanctuary be strong, and do it."

Soon after this, the Lord appeared to Solomon and offered him anything he wished for:

I Kings 3:5-14 At Gibeon the LORD appeared to Solomon in a dream by night and God said, "Ask! What shall I give you?" And Solomon said: "You have shown great mercy to Your servant David my father, because he walked before You in truth, in righteousness, and in uprightness of heart with You You have continued this great kindness for him, and You have given him a son to sit on his throne, as it is this day. "Now, O LORD my God, You have made Your servant king instead of my father David, but I am a little child I do not know how to go out or come in. "And Your servant is in the midst of Your people whom You have chosen, a great people, too numerous to be numbered or counted. "Therefore give to Your servant an understanding heart to judge Your people, that I may discern between good and evil. For who is able to judge this great people of Yours?"

The speech pleased the LORD, that Solomon had asked this thing. Then God said to him: "Because you have asked this thing, and have not asked long life for yourself, nor have asked riches for yourself, nor have asked the life of your enemies, but have asked for yourself understanding to discern justice, "behold, I have done according to your words see, I have given you a wise and understanding heart, so that there has not been anyone like you before you, nor shall any like you arise after you. "And I have also given you what you have not asked: both riches and honor, so that there shall not be anyone like you among the kings all your days. "So if you walk in My ways, to keep My statutes and My commandments, as your father David walked, then I will lengthen your days."

Afterwards Solomon became Israel's most magnificent king. He built the marvelous Temple and God's favor was with him. When he had finished the Temple he made sacrifices and said a public prayer:

I Kings 8:27-30 "But will God indeed dwell on the earth? Behold, heaven and the heaven of heavens cannot contain You. How much less this temple which I have built! "Yet regard the prayer of Your servant and his supplication, O LORD my God, and listen to the cry and the prayer which Your servant is praying before You today: "that Your eyes may be open toward this temple night and day, toward the place of which You said, 'My name shall be there,' that You may hear the prayer which Your servant makes toward this place. "And may You hear the supplication of Your servant and of Your people Israel, when they pray toward this place. Hear in heaven Your dwelling place and when You hear, forgive. . ."

Then God revealed His glory:

2 Chr 7:1-3 "When Solomon had finished praying, fire came down from heaven and consumed the burnt offering and the sacrifices and the glory of the LORD filled the temple. And the priests could not enter the house of the LORD, because the glory of the LORD had filled the LORD'S house. When all the children of Israel saw how the fire came down, and the glory of the LORD on the temple, they bowed their faces to the ground on the pavement, and worshiped and praised the LORD, saying: "For He is good, for His mercy endures forever."

During his reign he made Israel a world power and great wealth flowed into the kingdom. He had such great wisdom from God that people came from distant lands to here him. He taught many proverbs and wrote Ecclesiastes and Songs. Yet Solomon did more than any other king to break down the kingdom and to destroy its true foundations. His biggest mistake was in disobeying God by taking many wives, and marrying the daughters of foreign kings. He had 700 wives and 300 concubines. He allowed them to build altars to "Astarte" (Ishtar in Babylonia and Astoreth in Phoenicia) the fertility goddess and other pagan gods.

The instructions in the Law for a king were as follows:

Deut 17:14-20 "When you come to the land which the LORD your God is giving you, and possess it and dwell in it, and say, 'I will set a king over me like all the nations that are around me,' "you shall surely set a king over you whom the LORD your God chooses one from among your brethren you shall set as king over you you may not set a foreigner over you, who is not your brother. "But he shall not multiply horses for himself, nor cause the people to return to Egypt to multiply horses, for the LORD has said to you, 'You shall not return that way again.' "Neither shall he multiply wives for himself, lest his heart turn away nor shall he greatly multiply silver and gold for himself.

"Also it shall be, when he sits on the throne of his kingdom, that he shall write for himself a copy of this law in a book, from the one before the priests, the Levites. "And it shall be with him, and he shall read it all the days of his life, that he may learn to fear the LORD his God and be careful to observe all the words of this law and these statutes, "that his heart may not be lifted above his brethren, that he may not turn aside from the commandment to the right hand or to the left, and that he may prolong his days in his kingdom, he and his children in the midst of Israel."

Though Solomon was gifted with incredible wisdom, his heart led him astray. Toward the end of his life troubles began to appear through powerful factions, and enemies raised up both within and without the nation. Though Solomon made Jerusalem one of the wonders of the world, the kingdom was ready for a collapse. When Solomon died (about 922 BC) the kingdom split in two.

What I learned From King Solomon

King Solomon, I thought, had it easy. Too easy, in my opinion.

In a dream, God asks King Solomon what gift he'd like. And Solomon can choose anything - courage, strength, even money or fame. He chooses an understanding heart. Wisdom, so he can make good decisions for his people. And God is so pleased with Solomon's choice that He gives him every other good gift, too. (See I Kings 3:5-15.)

Though I liked the fact that Solomon chose an understanding heart instead of being greedy and wishing for lots of money, the whole thing still seemed a little unfair to me. Why wasn't God coming to me and asking what I wanted from Him, I wondered? I had a whole list of things if He only would. To be better at loving, for one thing. More patient, for another. And then there was humility, grace. Throw in an understanding heart, too - I could use it, I thought.

Everybody has things they wish they could be better at. One of my friends, for instance, was very, very shy. She didn't want to be this way, but she didn't know how to be any different. She could have used the kind of help God gave Solomon, too.

But that kind of help, I thought, wasn't for regular people like my friend and me. Only for kings in Bible times. And boy, was I unhappy about that.

You see, for the longest time, I felt inadequate no matter what I did. Like I wasn't good enough. When I looked around me, all I saw were people who were kinder, stronger, more loving. And so every day, I tried to be better. I asked God to help me be better. But even when I worked really, really hard on one of those qualities I felt I wasn't the best at, I still felt I was coming up short.

Until one day when I read the story again and it hit me: Maybe I was reading it all wrong.

It occurred to me that perhaps Solomon's story isn't so much about how special Solomon was that God would offer him all these gifts. Instead, it shows what it takes to have an understanding heart - to be graceful and loving and wise. And much to my surprise, I realized that what it takes has nothing to do with being a king or living in Bible times or even being "chosen," singled out for special gifts.

All you need is a willingness to say, "God, I can't be anything on my own. Show me how You made me."

How God made me. That's it, I realized. The problem lay in the way I was looking at myself. I thought I was someone who was good at some things and not at others. That I'd been given some gifts but was missing out in other areas. But that just didn't add up when I thought about what I'd learned from reading the Bible and another book, "Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures." Both those books have taught me that I was made in God's image, that I'm His reflection.

Solomon didn't get an understanding heart from God. When he turned to God, he found that understanding heart. It was already part of him as the reflection of God. So what that story was asking me to do was this: to accept that God was giving me everything I needed - each moment - to do whatever I needed to do. Everything I needed to live as His image. If I needed to love, Love, God, would be there, helping me. If I needed strength, the strength of God, Spirit, would be behind me, strengthening me.

I felt like jumping up and down when I realized this: God was asking me what I wanted from Him - and telling me that I already had it!

Now when I'm tempted to feel bad because I think I could be kinder or smarter or more loving, I stop - and remind myself of Solomon. You can, too. Because the God who made each one of us in His very image doesn't play favorites or make mistakes or leave anyone out. Instead, He loves us into seeing that we've got everything we need to be our best. And that being our best is easy - because God never made us to be anything less,

I will give them an heart
to know me, that I am the Lord: and they shall be my people,
and I will be their God.

On the Sad End of Solomon – A Moral Lesson for Us All

The readings at daily Mass currently focus on the kingship of Solomon. Perhaps the high point of his life was, when presented the opportunity to ask anything whatsoever from God chose not gold or glory, but Wisdom. Today we read of the Visit of the Queen of Sheba and saw a description of his Court and Kingdom in all its glory. Her early years are a portrait of a man deeply rooted in God. But later in life Solomon turned from his first love and his infidelity ultimately led to divided kingdom. It is a moral tale that contains a warning for us all. Let’s review the basics of Solomon’s life and ponder the lessons.

Solomon was Israel’s third King. He was also known as Jedidiah (beloved of the Lord). His forty year reign is regarded as Israel’s golden age. It was an age of prosperity and national unity. But in the end, his reign ended disastrously, he began to oppress the people, multiplied wives and introduced pagan worship.

Solomon was the second son of David and Bathsheba. However, David had other wives and sons by them. Solomon was actually the 17th of 19 sons of David. This hardly made him the most likely son to succeed his father as king. However, through the court intrigues of his mother, and the support of Nathan the prophet, who both took advantage of David in his old age, Solomon was named king in 961 BC against Adonijah the presumed successor. Solomon swiftly and ruthlessly established his power against Adonijah, having his brother executed on a pretext. This act, along with the execution or banishment of Adonijah’s supporters in the military had repercussions throughout Solomon’s reign. It created military rivals on the northern edge of Israel that were something of a nuisance and may explain why Solomon raised a large army as we will see later.

Despite all this, Solomon experienced a vision from God early in his reign. He was at the altar of Gibeon offering extensive sacrifices to God. And this is where we pick up the reading from Mass this past Saturday Morning:

In Gibeon the LORD appeared to Solomon in a dream at night. God said, “Ask something of me and I will give it to you.” Solomon answered: “You have shown great favor to your servant, my father David, because he behaved faithfully toward you, with justice and an upright heart and you have continued this great favor toward him, even today, seating a son of his on his throne. O LORD, my God, you have made me, your servant, King to succeed my father David but I am a mere youth, not knowing at all how to act. I serve you in the midst of the people whom you have chosen, a people so vast that it cannot be numbered or counted. Give your servant, therefore, an understanding heart to judge your people and to distinguish right from wrong. For who is able to govern this vast people of yours?” The LORD was pleased that Solomon made this request. So God said to him: “Because you have asked for this–not for a long life for yourself, nor for riches, nor for the life of your enemies, but for understanding so that you may know what is right– I do as you requested. I give you a heart so wise and understanding that there has never been anyone like you up to now, and after you there will come no one to equal you. (1 Kings 3:5-12)

And the Lord did indeed grant Solomon great wisdom. 1 Kings 4:30-32 notes that his wisdom surpassed all the people of the east, and also Egypt, and credits Solomon with 3,000 proverbs and 1,005 songs. Many of these have come down to us in the biblical books authored by Solomon: Proverbs, the Song of Songs, Wisdom, and his possible editing of Ecclesiastes. Leaders from throughout the world sought out Solomon for his wisdom and counsel, most notably the Queen of Sheba.

Solomon was also noted as a superb statesman who had a great capacity to forge trading relationships with foreign leaders. Trade expanded widely during his reign. But these foreign entanglements may well have been the first sign of trouble, for they led him to take many wives. This was a common practice of the day for Kings. And yet, the Book of Deuteronomy warns kings and commands them not to do three things:

The king, moreover, must not acquire great numbers of horses for himself or make the people return to Egypt to get more of them, for the LORD has told you, “You are not to go back that way again.” He must not take many wives, or his heart will be led astray. He must not accumulate large amounts of silver and gold. (Deut 17:16-17)

Solomon ended up breaking all three of these commands.

1. He multiplied wives. In multiplying wives Solomon took many of them from the pagan territories around him. His wives included Hittites, Maobites, Edomites, Sidonians, and Ammorites. They were from nations about which the LORD had told the Israelites, “You must not intermarry with them, because they will surely turn your hearts after their gods.” Nevertheless, Solomon held fast to them in love. (1 Kings 11:2). The Scripture notes that in the end he had 700 wives and 300 concubines! (1 Kings 11:3).

This not only demonstrates his lust but also his foreign entanglements. These pagan women brought with them their pagan deities and, in the end, they negatively influenced Solomon’s own faith. At the dedication of the Temple God warned Solomon:

But if you or your sons turn away from me and do not observe the commands and decrees I have given you and go off to serve other gods and worship them, then I will cut off Israel from the land I have given them and will reject this temple I have consecrated for my Name. Israel will then become a byword and an object of ridicule among all peoples. (1 Kings 9:6-7).

Solomon failed to heed this warning and through lust, greed for trade, and fascination with things foreign and pagan, he turned away from the Lord and began to allow pagan worship, and pagan altars to be built in Israel and even built them himself (1 Kings 11). Of all his sins this was clearly the most egregious and the author of 1 Kings indicates it is the main reason God turned his favor from Israel:

So the LORD said to Solomon, “Since this is your attitude and you have not kept my covenant and my decrees, which I commanded you, I will most certainly tear the kingdom away from you and give it to one of your subordinates. Nevertheless, for the sake of David your father, I will not do it during your lifetime. I will tear it out of the hand of your son. Yet I will not tear the whole kingdom from him, but will give him one tribe for the sake of David my servant and for the sake of Jerusalem, which I have chosen (1 Kings 11:11-13)

2. He multiplied gold and silver – Solomon solidified a large central government that cut across tribal boundaries. He also engaged in a massive building campaign to include the building of the a large royal complex, palace, fortifications and the Temple. He built large and opulent buildings. But the combination of a large central government, an extravagant palace life, and extensive building projects weakened the national economy, with high taxes and conscripted labor. The queen of Sheba who was fabulously wealthy herself remarked on visiting Solomon: Your wisdom and prosperity surpasses any report I which I have heard (1 Kings 10:7). Not only did the high taxes cause resentment but the centralized and growing government offended against the Jewish tribal system, which was used to a more local governance. Increasingly Solomon offended against subsidiarity by interfering in local affairs through his officials.

3. He Multiplied Horses– This is a Jewish expression for amassing a large army. In taking the kingship away from Adonijah, Solomon had acquired inveterate enemies from the military commanders who had supported Adonijah. They camped in the north and often harassed Israel. Perhaps for this reason, but more likely for pride, Solomon amassed a huge army including 12,000 horsemen and 1,400 charioteers. This, despite never going to war, during his reign. The problem with an extremely large army is that, not only is it expensive, but it also required a draft to conscript men into service. This caused resentment among some and the absence of large numbers of men from their families and work at home.

Consequences! – As God told him, the legacy of his turning away, was a divided kingdom. In the reign of Rehoboam, his son, the Kingdom of Israel divided from Judah, as a result of Solomon’s increasingly oppressive policies. When Rehoboam followed his father’s misguided policies the ten tribes in the north had enough, and they divided from Judah. The great unified Davidic Kingdom had ended and within less than 200 years Israel (721 BC) and later Judah (587 BC) were invaded and destroyed.

Of Solomon’s sad end Scriptures says:

How wise you were when you were young, overflowing with instruction, like the Nile in flood! Your understanding covered the whole earth, and, like a sea, filled it with knowledge. Your fame reached distant coasts, and you were beloved for your peaceful reign…. But you abandoned yourself to women and gave them dominion over your body. You brought a stain upon your glory, shame upon your marriage bed, Wrath upon your descendants, and groaning upon your deathbed. Thus two governments came into being (Sirach 47:14-21).

The story of Solomon is a sad object lesson, a moral tale. Failing to heed God brings destruction. And Solomon systematically failed to heed God.

What turned Solomon from the right path? Was it greed? Yes. Was it the foreign entanglements ignited by that greed and desire for power? Yes. Was it corruption by the world that greed, foreign entanglements and admiration of foreign ways caused? Surely. Was it lust? Clearly. Was it the inappropriate relationships and marriages that the lust caused? Yes. Did Solomon come to love the world more than God? Surely. Did lust and greed cause him to make steady compromises with the world? Without a doubt. And ever so slowly, and perhaps imperceptibly at first, he began to turn from God.

But Solomon’s story could be the story of any of us if we are not careful to persevere in the ways of God. Lust, greed, fascination with the world, these are human problems. I have seen people who are close to the Lord, drift away due to worldly preoccupations, bad and ill conceived relationships, career dominance that eclipses vocation, and just through accumulation of bad influences from the TV and Internet. Prayer and Mass attendance slip away. Bad moral behavior gets excused, and ever so subtly we turn less to God, and more to the gods of this world.

It is the road that Solomon trod. The great and wise Solomon, once close to God’s heart and preferring nothing of the world to God’s wisdom. But a man who died smothered in wealth, sex and power. A man whose heart turned from God.

Solomon of the Old Testament, King

King Solomon was the son of King David and God considered him to be the wisest man on Earth. Solomon lived a full and spectacular life like his father before him. He was not only the most knowledgeable man to have ever existed he was also extremely rich, very renown and one of Israel’s greatest rulers. He appears on the Biblical Timeline as king beginning in 1015 BC.

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Solomon’s Birth

King Solomon’s story begins with his father, David. In 2 Samuel 11, King David didn’t go off to war with his soldiers during a particular campaign against the Ammonites. While at his palace he saw a beautiful woman named Bathsheba. She was the wife of Uriah the Hittite who was one of his most loyal soldiers. King David didn’t care and ultimately had Uriah killed and Bathsheba moved into his palace. God dealt with King David behind his sin because David’s actions displeased him (see 2 Samuel 11:27). The prophet Nathan was sent to King David to tell him about the punishments that God had given to him for his sins. One of God’s punishment’s towards David was to kill the first child that he had with Bathsheba. After losing this child, Bathsheba bore him another son and his name was Solomon.

Solomon Becomes the King

1 Kings tell about King David’s last years as ruler. He had to govern his kingdom from his bedside because his old age. An older son of his named Adonijah claimed the throne. God sent Nathan to Bathsheba so he could tell her what she must do to stay alive and have Solomon to become king. Ultimately, Bathsheba and Nathan convinced the king that Solomon should sit on the throne and David swore that Solomon would be the next ruler. King David had his servants proclaim Solomon the next ruler all throughout the land and Adonijah had fearfully submitted to his authority(1 Kings 1:49-53).

The Wisdom of Solomon

God had appeared to Solomon in a dream during the early days of his reign. The Lord told Solomon he could have whatever he desired because he truly worshiped and honored him as he was instructed by his father. Solomon chose wisdom as a gift from God, and the Lord blessed him with wealth, honor, and a long life because of his choice. 1 Kings 3:16-28 is an example of Solomon’s great wisdom and heart for justice. He had rightfully decided a matter between two prostitutes on a child. When the people heard about his judgment on the matter, his fame spread wide and far. Solomon’s wisdom has also been recorded in the Bible within the books of Proverbs and Ecclesiastes.

The End of Solomon’s Reign

In 1 Kings, 9 Solomon builds the temple to God. After he was finished building the temple God warns Solomon that if he doesn’t obey him he will cut off Israel from the land that he gave them. Solomon’s greatest sin was taking too many foreign women as wives. This ultimately resulted in God dividing up the kingdom. 1 Kings 11:1-3 states that Solomon had 700 wives and 300 concubines. All of these women eventually turned Solomon’s heart away from God and the Lord judged him. God decided to divide up the kingdom from the line of David but not to completely take it away because of the promise that he made to David. The last part of Solomon’s rule was not good according to God. After ruling the land for 40 years, Solomon died and was buried in the city of David.

Dream of Solomon - History

New International Version
I slept but my heart was awake. Listen! My beloved is knocking: "Open to me, my sister, my darling, my dove, my flawless one. My head is drenched with dew, my hair with the dampness of the night."

New Living Translation
I slept, but my heart was awake, when I heard my lover knocking and calling: “Open to me, my treasure, my darling, my dove, my perfect one. My head is drenched with dew, my hair with the dampness of the night.”

English Standard Version
I slept, but my heart was awake. A sound! My beloved is knocking. “Open to me, my sister, my love, my dove, my perfect one, for my head is wet with dew, my locks with the drops of the night.”

Berean Study Bible
I sleep, but my heart is awake. A sound! My beloved is knocking: “Open to me, my sister, my darling, my dove, my flawless one. My head is drenched with dew, my hair with the dampness of the night.”

King James Bible
I sleep, but my heart waketh: it is the voice of my beloved that knocketh, saying, Open to me, my sister, my love, my dove, my undefiled: for my head is filled with dew, and my locks with the drops of the night.

New King James Version
I sleep, but my heart is awake It is the voice of my beloved! He knocks, saying, “Open for me, my sister, my love, My dove, my perfect one For my head is covered with dew, My locks with the drops of the night.”

New American Standard Bible
“I was asleep but my heart was awake. A voice! My beloved was knocking: ‘Open to me, my sister, my darling, My dove, my perfect one! For my head is drenched with dew, My locks with the dew drops of the night.’

NASB 1995
"I was asleep but my heart was awake. A voice! My beloved was knocking: 'Open to me, my sister, my darling, My dove, my perfect one! For my head is drenched with dew, My locks with the damp of the night.'

NASB 1977
“I was asleep, but my heart was awake. A voice! My beloved was knocking: ‘Open to me, my sister, my darling, My dove, my perfect one! For my head is drenched with dew, My locks with the damp of the night.’

Amplified Bible
“I was asleep, but my heart was awake. A voice [in my dream]! My beloved was knocking: ‘Open to me, my sister, my darling, My dove, my perfect one! For my head is drenched with the [heavy night] dew My hair [is covered] with the dampness of the night.’

Christian Standard Bible
I was sleeping, but my heart was awake. A sound! My love was knocking! Man Open to me, my sister, my darling, my dove, my perfect one. For my head is drenched with dew, my hair with droplets of the night. Woman

Holman Christian Standard Bible
I sleep, but my heart is awake. A sound! My love is knocking! M Open to me, my sister, my darling, my dove, my perfect one. For my head is drenched with dew, my hair with droplets of the night. W

American Standard Version
I was asleep, but my heart waked: It is the voice of my beloved that knocketh,'saying , Open to me, my sister, my love, my dove, my undefiled For my head is filled with dew, My locks with the drops of the night.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
I was sleeping and my heart was awake. The voice of my love who was knocking: "Open to me, my sister, my intimate, my innocent dove, for my head is filled with dew and my curls from drops of the night

Brenton Septuagint Translation
I sleep, but my heart is awake: the voice of my kinsman knocks at the door, saying, Open, open to me, my companion, my sister, my dove, my perfect one: for my head is filled with dew, and my locks with the drops of the night.

Contemporary English Version
I was asleep, but dreaming: The one I love was at the door, knocking and saying, "My darling, my very own, my flawless dove, open the door for me! My head is drenched with evening dew."

Douay-Rheims Bible
I sleep, and my heart watcheth the voice of my beloved knocking: Open to me, my sister, my love, my dove, my undefiled: for my head is full of dew, and my locks of the drops of the nights.

English Revised Version
I was asleep, but my heart waked: it is the voice of my beloved that knocketh, saying, Open to me, my sister, my love, my dove, my undefiled: for my head is filled with dew, my locks with the drops of the night.

Good News Translation
While I slept, my heart was awake. I dreamed my lover knocked at the door. Let me come in, my darling, my sweetheart, my dove. My head is wet with dew, and my hair is damp from the mist.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
I sleep, but my mind is awake. Listen! My beloved is knocking. Open to me, my true love, my sister, my dove, my perfect one. My head is wet with dew, my hair with the dewdrops of night.

International Standard Version
I was asleep, but my heart was awake. There's a sound! My beloved is knocking. "Open up for me, my sister, my darling, my dove, my perfect one. For my head is drenched with dew, my hair with the dampness of the night."

JPS Tanakh 1917
I sleep, but my heart waketh Hark! my beloved knocketh: 'Open to me, my sister, my love, my dove, my undefiled For my head is filled with dew, My locks with the drops of the night.'

Literal Standard Version
I am sleeping, but my heart wakes: The sound of my beloved knocking! “Open to me, my sister, my friend, "" My dove, my perfect one, "" For my head is filled [with] dew, "" My locks [with] drops of the night.”

NET Bible
I was asleep, but my mind was dreaming. Listen! My lover is knocking at the door! The Lover to His Beloved: "Open for me, my sister, my darling, my dove, my flawless one! My head is drenched with dew, my hair with the dampness of the night."

New Heart English Bible
I was asleep, but my heart was awake. It is the voice of my beloved who knocks: "Open to me, my sister, my love, my dove, my undefiled for my head is filled with dew, and my hair with the dampness of the night."

World English Bible
I was asleep, but my heart was awake. It is the voice of my beloved who knocks: "Open to me, my sister, my love, my dove, my undefiled for my head is filled with dew, and my hair with the dampness of the night."

Young's Literal Translation
I am sleeping, but my heart waketh: The sound of my beloved knocking! 'Open to me, my sister, my friend, My dove, my perfect one, For my head is filled with dew, My locks with drops of the night.'

Matthew 7:8
For everyone who asks receives he who seeks finds and to him who knocks, the door will be opened.

Song of Solomon 1:16
How handsome you are, my beloved! Oh, how delightful! The soft grass is our bed.

Song of Solomon 2:14
O my dove in the clefts of the rock, in the crevices of the cliff, let me see your face, let me hear your voice for your voice is sweet, and your countenance is lovely.

Song of Solomon 4:9
You have captured my heart, my sister, my bride you have stolen my heart with one glance of your eyes, with one jewel of your neck.

Song of Solomon 5:6
I opened for my beloved, but he had turned and gone. My heart sank at his departure. I sought him, but did not find him. I called, but he did not answer.

Song of Solomon 5:11
His head is purest gold his hair is wavy and black as a raven.

Song of Solomon 6:9
but my dove, my perfect one, is unique, the favorite of the mother who bore her. The maidens see her and call her blessed the queens and concubines sing her praises.

I sleep, but my heart wakes: it is the voice of my beloved that knocks, saying, Open to me, my sister, my love, my dove, my undefiled: for my head is filled with dew, and my locks with the drops of the night.

Song of Solomon 3:1 By night on my bed I sought him whom my soul loveth: I sought him, but I found him not.

Song of Solomon 7:9 And the roof of thy mouth like the best wine for my beloved, that goeth down sweetly, causing the lips of those that are asleep to speak.

Daniel 8:18 Now as he was speaking with me, I was in a deep sleep on my face toward the ground: but he touched me, and set me upright.

Song of Solomon 2:8,10 The voice of my beloved! behold, he cometh leaping upon the mountains, skipping upon the hills…

John 10:4 And when he putteth forth his own sheep, he goeth before them, and the sheep follow him: for they know his voice.

Revelation 3:20 Behold, I stand at the door, and knock: if any man hear my voice, and open the door, I will come in to him, and will sup with him, and he with me.

Psalm 24:7-10 Lift up your heads, O ye gates and be ye lift up, ye everlasting doors and the King of glory shall come in…

Psalm 81:10 I am the LORD thy God, which brought thee out of the land of Egypt: open thy mouth wide, and I will fill it.

Proverbs 23:26 My son, give me thine heart, and let thine eyes observe my ways.

Song of Solomon 2:14 O my dove, that art in the clefts of the rock, in the secret places of the stairs, let me see thy countenance, let me hear thy voice for sweet is thy voice, and thy countenance is comely.

Song of Solomon 6:9 My dove, my undefiled is but one she is the only one of her mother, she is the choice one of her that bare her. The daughters saw her, and blessed her yea, the queens and the concubines, and they praised her.

Psalm 119:1 ALEPH. Blessed are the undefiled in the way, who walk in the law of the LORD.

Song of Solomon 8:7 Many waters cannot quench love, neither can the floods drown it: if a man would give all the substance of his house for love, it would utterly be contemned.

Genesis 29:20 And Jacob served seven years for Rachel and they seemed unto him but a few days, for the love he had to her.

My head is filled with dew. --Anacreon, iii. 10 is often compared to this.

" ' Fear not,' said he, with piteous din,

'Pray ope the door and let me in.

A poor unshelter'd boy am I,

For help who knows not where to fly:

Lost in the dark, and with the dews,

All cold and wet, that midnight brews.'"

(Comp. also Propert. i. 16-23 Ovid, Amor. Ii. 19-21.)

Verse 2-ch. 8:4. - Part IV. REMINISCENCES OF LOVE DAYS. The bridegroom rejoicing in the bride. Verse 2. - The bride's reminiscence of a love dream. I was asleep, but my heart waked, It is the voice of my beloved that knocketh, saying, Open to me, my sister, my love, my dove, my undefiled: for my head is filled with dew, my locks with the drops of the night. There is a resemblance between this account of what was apparently a dream, and that which is related in Song of Solomon 3:1-4 but the difference is very clear. In the former case the lover is represented as dismissed for a season, and then the relenting heart of the maiden sought after him and found him. In this case he "stands at the door and knocks," coming in the night and the maiden rises to open, but finds him gone, and so is drawn after him. The second dream is much more vivid and elaborate, and seems to be an imitation and enlargement of the other, being introduced apparently more for the sake of dwelling on the attractions of the beloved one and his preciousness in the eyes of the maiden than in self-reproach. Is it not possible that the poem originally concluded at Song of Solomon 5:1 with the marriage, and that the whole of the latter half was an amplification, either by Solomon himself, the author of the first half, or by some one who has entered into the spirit of the song? This would explain the apparent repetition, with the variations. But, at all events, the second part certainly is more from the standpoint of married life than the first. Hence the bride speaks at great length, which she does not in the earlier portion. Delitzsch thinks that this second love dream is intended to represent what occurred in early married life but there are two objections to that - first , that the place is evidently a country residence and secondly , that such an occurrence is unsuitable to the conditions of a royal bride. It is much more natural to suppose that the bride is recalling what occurred in her dream when the lover, having been sent away until the evening, as on the former occasion, returned, and in the night knocked at the door. "My heart waked" is the same as "My mind was active." The "heart" in Hebrew is the inner man, both intellect and feeling. "I was asleep, but I was thinking" (cf. Cicero, 'De Divinatione,' 1:30). The lover has come off a long journey over the mountains, and arrives in the night time. The terms with which he appeals to his beloved are significant, denoting

(3) purity, simplicity, and loveliness - my dove

(4) entire devotion, undoubting trust - my undefiled. Tammanthi , "my perfection," as Arabic tam, teim , "one devoted to another." as a servant.

Similar passages are quoted from heathen love poetry, as Anacreon, 3:10 Propertius, 1:16-23 Ovid, 'Amor.,' 3:19, 21. The simple meaning of the dream is that she is full of love by night and by day. She dreamed that she was back in her old country home, and that her lover visited her like a shepherd and she tells how she sought him, to show how she loved him. When we are united to the Saviour with the bonds of a pledged affection, we lose the sense of self-reproach in the delight of fellowship, and can even speak of our own slowness and backwardness only to magnify his grace. We delight to acknowledge that it was his knocking that led us to seek after him, although we had to struggle with the dull heart and it was not until it was moved by his approach, by his moving towards us, that we hastened to find him, and were full of the thought of his desirableness. There are abundant examples of this same interchange of affection in the history of the Church's revivals and restorations.

but my heart
וְלִבִּ֣י (wə·lib·bî)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular construct | first person common singular
Strong's 3820: The heart, the feelings, the will, the intellect, centre

is awake.
עֵ֑ר (‘êr)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's 5782: To rouse oneself, awake

My beloved
דּוֹדִ֣י (dō·w·ḏî)
Noun - masculine singular construct | first person common singular
Strong's 1730: To love, a love-token, lover, friend, an uncle

Solomon was:

Known for his wisdom:

Not long after Solomon became King, God visited him in a dream and told Solomon to ask God what He should give him (1 Kings 3:5-15 2 Chronicles 1). Solomon replied saying that God had given his father David great mercy and a son to sit on the throne. He continued by saying that he was “but a little child” and did not know how to proceed as the king of God’s people. He then asked that God would give him and understanding heart to judge God’s people so that he could discern between good and bad.

God was pleased with Solomon’s request. He said that because Solomon had not asked for long life, riches, nor the lives of his enemies, but instead understanding to discern judgement, He would give Solomon a wise and understanding heart. God added that there would be no one like him then or after him. God said that He would also give Solomon great riches and honor. God concluded by saying that if Solomon walked in God’s ways that He would give him a long life. Solomon woke from this dream and immediately went to Jerusalem and stood before the ark of the covenant of the Lord to make offerings and a feast for all his servants.

It was not long after that the wisdom that God had given him was demonstrated. While judging a case between two women who each claimed they were the mother of the same newborn baby (1 King 3:16-28). Both women had newborn babies and one of the babies died in the night so the mother of the dead baby swapped the babies. When it was discovered in the morning, the women were fighting over whose baby had died.

King Solomon immediately commanded that the baby be cut in half by a sword and each woman receive a half. One of the women cried out for King Solomon to give the baby to the other woman while the other woman was indifferent to the dividing of the baby so that neither would be awarded the living baby. Solomon declared that the woman who cried out was the real mother because she would rather give up her baby so that he would live instead of being killed. The people were astounded by his wisdom to get to the truth.

Tasked with building the first Jewish Temple in Jerusalem

Solomon’s father, David, desired to build a permanent temple for God while he was on the throne. However, God told David that because he had shed blood, he would not be allowed to build it. Instead, God told him that He had chosen his son Solomon to build it. David gave instructions to Solomon about how God wanted the temple built and provided everything that Solomon needed. Likewise, the people were so overjoyed that they willingly gave offerings to the Lord. The temple was started in the fourth year of Solomon’s reign and completed seven years later (1 Kings 6). David died before the temple was built.

Very wealthy

The Bible tells us that Solomon also built houses for himself. One was a personal home and the second was built as a house the he would use to judge court cases (1 Kings 7). This “courthouse” is where Solomon heard and decided cases. It was quite lavish and built from the finest of materials. He also built a house for his Egyptian wife, whom he married to make peace with Pharaoh (1 Kings 3). Solomon accumulated and spent great amounts of money on a lavish lifestyle like no other person in history.

Involved with many women

As we just learned, Solomon had an Egyptian wife. He went on to marry 700 wives and had 300 concubines or mistresses (1 Kings 11). Many of the women worshiped false Gods. This led Solomon to also worship false Gods, which had a negative impact on his life. We can see from Solomon’s weakness and desire for adulterous relationships that it eventually cause the loss of many blessings from God.

Consumed with worldly and idolatrous pursuits

Because of Solomon’s polygamy and lavish lifestyle, his time became more consumed with worldly and idolatrous pursuits. This led to Solomon ignoring the Lord’s directives, which angered God. Therefore, the Lord raised up enemies to attack and take away a large part of the kingdom from Solomon. God explained that He allowed this to happen because of Solomon’s worship of other gods and not walking in God’s ways. (1 Kings 11). God did not forsake Solomon, but Solomon’s actions greatly influenced the kingdom in a negative way. It is sad that Solomon had all the wisdom in the world provided to him, yet, he also made choices that were unwise.

The Seal from God

One source in which the Seal of Solomon is mentioned is the Testament of Solomon . This is a “Pseudepigraphic treatise on the forms and activities of demons and the charms effective against them.” It has been claimed that this text was written by Solomon himself, and provides account of certain experiences that the king had during the building of the Temple.

Solomon and the plan for the First Temple, illustration from a Bible card published by the Providence Lithograph Co. ( Public Domain )

Around the beginning of the Testament, the author provides a story to explain how Solomon received his Seal from God. In this story, Solomon notices that the young son of his master workman was growing thinner each day, despite being given double wages and a double supply of food. When the child was questioned, he told the king that a demon had been harassing him every day after sunset,

“I pray thee, O king. Listen to what has befallen all that thy child hath. After we are all released from our work on the Temple of God, after sunset, when I lie down to rest, one of the evil demons comes and takes away from me one half of my pay and one half of my food. Then he also takes hold of my right hand and sucks my thumb. And lo, my soul is oppressed, and so my body waxes thinner every day.”

Solomon then prayed to God for help, who answered the king’s prayers by sending him a magic signet ring which had an engraving of a pentagram on its seal,

“And it came about through my prayer that grace was given to me from the Lord Sabaoth by Michael his archangel. [He brought me] a little ring, having a seal consisting of an engraved stone, and said to me: "Take, O Solomon, king, son of David, the gift which the Lord God has sent thee, the highest Sabaoth. With it thou shalt lock up all demons of the earth, male and female and with their help thou shalt build up Jerusalem. [But] thou [must] wear this seal of God. And this engraving of the seal of the ring sent thee is a Pentalpha.”

The Star of David in the oldest surviving complete copy of the Masoretic text, the Leningrad Codex, dated 1008. ( Public Domain )

Using this ring, Solomon began to bring demons under his control, beginning with Ornias, the demon who had been tormenting the son of Solomon’s master workman. By questioning the demons whom he summoned, Solomon was able to learn their names, how they persecuted human beings, and how they could be countered. Additionally, the king was able to make these demons work for him. For example, Solomon commanded the demon Asmodeus to help with the construction the Temple,

“As the Lord God of my fathers liveth, I will lay iron on thee to wear. But thou shalt also make the clay for the entire construction of the Temple, treading it down with thy feet.”

Russian icon of King Solomon. He is depicted holding a model of the Temple (18th century, iconostasis of Kizhi monastery, Russia). ( Public Domain )

Once the construction of the Temple was finished, Solomon had the demons imprisoned in bottles. These bottles were said to have been buried under the monument that the demons helped build. In one story, the demons were released when Nebuchadnezzar captured Jerusalem. When the Temple was destroyed, the Babylonians found the bottles buried by Solomon. Thinking that they contained gold, the soldiers opened the bottles, thus releasing the demons back into world.

How did God respond when Solomon asked for wisdom?

In 1 Kings 3:3, Solomon is described in the following positive terms: “Solomon loved the LORD, walking in the statutes of David his father.” One night, the Lord appeared to Solomon and said, “Ask what I shall give you” (verse 5). In response, Solomon answered, “Give your servant therefore an understanding mind to govern your people, that I may discern between good and evil, for who is able to govern this your great people?” (verse 9).

The passage notes, “It pleased the Lord that Solomon had asked this” (1 Kings 3:10). God delights to give wisdom to those who truly seek it (Proverbs 2:6&ndash8 James 1:5). God responds to Solomon’s request for wisdom by promising three different gifts. The first is the wisdom Solomon had asked for: “I now do according to your word. Behold, I give you a wise and discerning mind, so that none like you has been before you and none like you shall arise after you” (verse 12).

First Kings 4:29-34 records the details of Solomon’s wisdom: “And God gave Solomon wisdom and understanding beyond measure, and breadth of mind like the sand on the seashore, so that Solomon’s wisdom surpassed the wisdom of all the people of the east and all the wisdom of Egypt. For he was wiser than all other men, wiser than Ethan the Ezrahite, and Heman, Calcol, and Darda, the sons of Mahol, and his fame was in all the surrounding nations. He also spoke 3,000 proverbs, and his songs were 1,005. He spoke of trees, from the cedar that is in Lebanon to the hyssop that grows out of the wall. He spoke also of beasts, and of birds, and of reptiles, and of fish. And people of all nations came to hear the wisdom of Solomon, and from all the kings of the earth, who had heard of his wisdom.”

The second gift God gave Solomon was wealth and fame: “I give you also what you have not asked, both riches and honor, so that no other king shall compare with you, all your days” (1 Kings 3:13). Solomon would become known as the wealthiest king of his era.

The third gift God gave him was conditional&mdasha long life based on Solomon’s obedience: “And if you will walk in my ways, keeping my statutes and my commandments, as your father David walked, then I will lengthen your days” (1 Kings 3:14). After God made these promises, “Solomon awoke, and behold, it was a dream” (verse 15).

The first two gifts were unconditional. Solomon was known as a man of great wisdom (1 Kings 3:28) and as a king of great wealth and influence. But was Solomon known as an obedient king who experienced a long life? By the grace of God, Solomon reigned for 40 years (1 Kings 11:42), a long period for one king to reign. However, Solomon’s obedience was mixed. He had many wives, including foreigners who influenced him to sacrifice to their gods. His great wealth also contributed to unwise excesses. Solomon began well, as his humble request for wisdom shows, but he later disobeyed God. Solomon was spared more severe punishment for the sake of his father, David (1 Kings 11:11&ndash12).

The wealthy, wise reign of King Solomon made Israel prosper

Son of David and Bathsheba, Solomon lived a colorful life, whose crowning achievement was building the Temple.

No king in the stories of the Bible so speaks to our imagination as King Solomon, who ruled Israel after King David. The Bible depicts Solomon's reign as an era of unprecedented prosperity due to his wisdom, a quality bestowed upon him by God. In a dream, God had asked him what he wanted most, and Solomon replied, “an understanding mind to govern your people, able to discern between good and evil” (I Kings 3:9).

The History of the Bible, Animated

Solomon reorganized his realm into 12 districts that cut across tribal boundaries so as to central­ize power in Jerusalem. To pacify tribal sensibili­ties, he continued his father’s policy of marrying wives from many tribes, as well as from those nations with whom he struck an alliance. Follow the quest for the Queen of Sheba and Ethiopia's ancient Christian churches.

Solomon also found time to adjudicate civil cases, such as the one where two women were fight­ing over a baby, each claiming the child was hers. Solomon said, “Bring me a sword,” and ordered the child cut in two, with each woman receiving half of the body. Shocked, one of the mothers said, “Please, my lord, give her the living boy!” (I Kings 3:26). Solomon knew that the true mother had spoken, for no woman could see her own child killed. The king also composed “three thousand proverbs” and “over a thousand songs,” and could speak about a vast range of subjects, from cedar wood to different species of animals (I Kings 4:32-33). Discover Babylon, home of the first legal code.

The Bible says that Israel grew prosperous under Solomon, and indeed there is evidence that the Levant was experiencing strong eco­nomic growth as regional trade increased in the region. Wealth poured into his treasury, allowing Solomon to fulfil God’s promise to David: to build a temple to house the Ark of the Covenant. To do so, he launched a “donation drive” that netted 5,000 gold and 10,000 silver talents (roughly $100 million in today’s currency).

When the project was finished, a citadel of white and gold had risen over Jerusalem. The Temple built by Solomon would become the spiritual center of Jerusalem. At the same time, the king built a ring of strongholds to protect his kingdom, with fortresses in Megiddo, Hazor, and Gezer. Meet Five Men Who All Think They’re the Messiah

Watch the video: King Solomons Dream - Superbook (June 2022).