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Soccer legend Pelé scores 1,000th goal

Soccer legend Pelé scores 1,000th goal


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Brazilian soccer great Pelé scores his 1,000th professional goal in a game, against Vasco da Gama in Rio de Janeiro’s Maracana stadium. It was a major milestone in an illustrious career that included three World Cup championships.

Pelé, considered one of the greatest soccer players ever to take the field, was born Edson Arantes do Nascimento in Tres Coracos, Brazil, in 1940. He acquired the nickname Pelé during his childhood though the name has no meaning in his native Portuguese. When he was a teenager, he played for a minor league soccer club in Bauru in Sao Paulo state and in 1956 joined the major league Santos Football Club in the city of Sao Paulo, playing inside left forward. Two years later, he led the Brazilian national team to victory in the World Cup. Pelé, who was only 17 years old, scored two goals to defeat Sweden in the final.

Pelé was blessed with speed, balance, control, power, and an uncanny ability to anticipate the movements of his opponents and teammates. Although just five feet eight inches tall, he was a giant on the field, leading Santos to three national club championships, two South American championships, and the world club title in 1963. Under Pelé's leadership, Brazil won the World Cup in 1958, 1962, and 1970. In 1970, Brazil was granted permanent possession of the World Cup’s Jules Rimet Trophy as a tribute to its dominance. On November 19, 1969, Pelé scored his 1,000th goal on a penalty kick against Vasco da Gama. Eighty thousand adoring fans in Maracana stadium cheered him wildly, even though Santos was the opposing team.

Pelé announced his retirement in 1974 but in 1975 accepted a $7 million contract to play with the New York Cosmos. He led the Cosmos to a league championship in 1977 and did much to promote soccer in the United States. On October 1, 1977, in Giants Stadium, he played his last professional game in a Cosmos match against his old team Santos.

During his long career, Pelé scored 1,282 goals in 1,363 games. In 1978, Pelé was given the International Peace Award and in 1993 he was inducted into the National Soccer Hall of Fame. Since retiring, he has acted as an international ambassador for his sport and has worked with the United Nations and UNICEF to promote peace and international reconciliation through friendly athletic competition.


Over time fact and legend blend into one: Pelé the eternal Greatest

Casa Pelé, the small two-room house in Três Corações where Pelé was born in 1940, is now a popular tourist attraction.

As no photographs or descriptions of the original house have survived, it was rebuilt entirely from the memories of Pelé’s mother, Dona Celeste, and his uncle Jorge, with period furniture and fixings sourced from antique shops. And so what greets visitors today is really only a vague approximation of the house where one of the world’s most famous footballers spent his earliest years: a heavily curated blend of hazy memories and selective detail.

As you walk in, a wireless radio plays classic songs from the early 1940s on an endless loop.

As it turns out, this is also pretty much how Pelé himself is remembered these days. It’s 50 years since he played his last game for Brazil. Only a fraction of his rich and prolific playing career has survived on video. The vast majority of us never saw him play live. And so for the most part, the genius of Pelé exists largely in the abstract: something you heard or read about rather than something you saw, a bequeathed fact rather than a lived experience, a processed product rather than an organic document.

And so naturally the most stirring and vivid passages in Pelé, the new biopic of the legendary Brazilian footballer, are of football itself: the pure speed, the elegant nutmegs, the emphatic finishes, the footwork as precise as music. The legacy of Pelé has become a fractured and contested thing over the decades, but the football itself: this, at least, is pure. And in these passages, when gliding past defenders as if operating on some higher plane of intelligence, or being hacked and crunched to pieces by cynical opposition tactics, or defining the world’s biggest games with pieces of euphoric skill, Pelé lives as he deserves to live: with the ball at his feet. And at Pelé’s feet, the ball was whatever you wanted it to be.

There is a natural cinematic arc to Pelé’s career, one you could barely have scripted more perfectly: the spectacular entrance as a 17-year-old at the 1958 World Cup in Sweden, followed by a sea of trials and crises in the 1960s, and neatly appended with the protagonist’s triumphant return at the 1970 World Cup in Mexico.

This is the arc that Pelé follows to the letter: artistically speaking, the last half-century of Pelé’s life – New York Cosmos Pelé, world peace Pelé, erectile dysfunction Pelé, Mastercard Pelé – may as well never have happened. What we get is Peak Pelé, the force of light and heat and joy who ultimately just wants to make the Brazilian people happy.

And yet by the same token, this is no hagiography. Pelé’s extramarital affairs and uncomfortably close relationship with Brazil’s murderous military dictatorship are interrogated in some detail, pieced together from archive footage, interviews with teammates, politicians and journalists, and substantial access to Pelé himself. By accident or by design, Pelé does not emerge as some virtuous conquering hero, but as a flawed and credulous star: a man who could do everything on a football pitch, but away from it was often the product of forces he could neither harness nor fully understand.

Perhaps the rawest and most moving footage is of Pelé himself, now 80 and in declining health: wheeling himself into the sparse interview room on a Zimmer frame, winching himself heavily into a chair, sighing deeply.

Pelé himself has never been the most reliable of narrators. Many of the stories he likes to tell about himself – like the time he supposedly stopped a civil war in Nigeria in 1969 – have been comprehensively debunked. His record-breaking goal tally is the subject of fierce dispute. At one point in the film, he tells us that he never dreamed of becoming a footballer. Later, he tells us that after Brazil lost the 1950 World Cup final to Uruguay, he consoled his distraught father by telling him he would win it for him one day. One of these is clearly bullshit. Both are included.

But then, when you have lived as eventful and celebrated a life as Pelé has, memory becomes a vague and splintered thing. Pelé didn’t simply create his own lore out of thin air, even if for the most part he happily went along with it. He’s not sitting there on Wikipedia diligently amending his own goal record. Pelé buys wholeheartedly into his own myth because over 60 years the course of his life led him inexorably in that direction.

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And so, ultimately, perhaps what you remember is more often what you remember remembering, or what someone else remembered, a well-cut anecdote that you have spent more than half your life polishing before a succession of simpering interviewers. Perhaps over time the fact and the legend blend into each other, to the point where it is no longer meaningful to tell them apart. This isn’t about greats and frauds, truth and lies. It’s about the pressing urge of Pelé’s generation to exalt this one man above all others in what is essentially the history of a team game.

“Pelé rose to fame at the moment of Brazil’s birth as a modern country,” the former president Fernando Henrique Cardoso says in the film. “He became the symbol of Brazilian emancipation,” says the musician Gilberto Gil. “He made Brazilians love themselves again,” says Juca Kfouri, a journalist and friend of Pelé’s. All this is told to us as if it’s simply the gospel truth, rather than scrutinised as what it is: a story, a persuasive theory in which the young Pelé is imagined as the emblem of Brazil’s booming economy and growing national confidence in the 1950s.

Growing fame

A similar shorthand applies to Pelé’s growing fame, which is narrated with the credulity of a biblical miracle. The teenage star who returns from the 1958 World Cup is handsome and charismatic and young and athletic and brilliant. Virtue generates fame, and with the growth of television beaming his face and feats to a mass global audience, the reverse also turns out to be true. To what extent is Pelé worthy of all this? To what extent does it place an intolerable burden on him?

To what extent is his twinkly, inoffensive public persona – Brand Pelé – a means of coping with the ridiculous levels of fame and expectation invested in him while he was still basically a child?

It’s interesting to see what doesn’t make the finished cut. The women in Pelé’s life – his family, his first wife, an unspecified number of children – are barely mentioned. Money is barely mentioned: for more than a decade Pelé entrusted his financial affairs to his agent, Pepe Gordo, who invested a significant part of Pelé’s fortune in a number of failed businesses.

By the late 1960s, Pelé was broke and forced to ask his club, Santos, to bail him out on unfavourable terms. This traumatic episode had a defining impact on Pelé, who in some respect has spent the rest of his life chasing down the riches he believes are his due.

Instead, the film takes a sharp, dark and gripping turn into politics. In 1964, an army coup – backed by the United States – overthrew the democratically elected government of João Goulart and established a brutal authoritarian regime, characterised by the torture and murder of political dissidents. The interviewer asks Pelé if the dictatorship changed anything for him. “No, football went on in the same way,” Pelé replies evenly, as footage of him scoring goals is intercut with newsreel of violent street protests.

Of course, he admits, he had an inkling of what was going on, even as he posed for photographs with General Médici at official functions, beaming and shaking hands in pictures he must have known would be distributed around the world as pro-regime propaganda. But even now there is no real contrition, no twinge of moral anguish, much less genuine remorse at a course of action he insists was the only realistic choice.

“What were you doing during the dictatorship? Which side were you on? You get lost in these things,” he says in a tone that evokes not so much discomfort as a vague indifference.

In the age of the athlete-activist, Pelé’s immaculate neutrality comes across as both a little jarring and entirely understandable: the weariness of an octogenarian non-combatant who is simply wired in a certain way. “You could tell me Muhammad Ali was different,” his friend Kfouri says. “Indeed he was, and I applaud him for it. Ali knew that he would be arrested for refusing the draft, but he ran no risk of being mistreated or tortured. Pelé had no assurance of that.”

Really, how else did we expect Pelé – a sportsman with no political ambition or credo – to act in the face of a frightening, omnipotent military junta? Rebel, resist, lose everything? Flash a defiant eye in those official photographs, just to show the world what he really thought? Perhaps, in measuring Pelé up to the athlete-activist ideal, we are simply guilty of doing what the world has been doing to Pelé ever since he emerged: moulding and forcing and chiselling him into our own preconceived expectations of what a hero should look and sound like.

The character of Pelé was created to fulfil multiple needs. For the Brazilian people he was the outsized superhero, a source of joy and exuberance in a sad, suppressed country. For the politicians who effectively kept him captive, preventing him from moving to Europe in the 1960s and coercing him into coming out of international retirement to play in the 1970 World Cup, he was a resource: a handy propaganda tool and icon of nationalistic devotion.

For sponsors and commercial interests, he was an inexhaustible catalyst of ticket sales and product endorsements. For coaches and teammates, he was their quickest route to glory. For broadcasters and journalists, writers and film-makers, he was (and continues to be) content. For autograph and memorabilia hunters, he was the motherlode. For a generation of football fans, he would be the eternal Greatest: lifelong and irrefutable proof that their own happy memories were objectively better than those of any subsequent generation.

Of course Pelé went along for the ride. He was 17. What else was he going to do? What else did he know? As he matured into adulthood, he would discover that his life had already been built around him: a ceaseless treadmill of football and football and things around the football and more football. He would learn that he and he alone was the show (when he was injured for a while in 1962, Santos attendances dropped by 50 per cent). And once the show moved on, he was essentially pensioned off and left to fend for himself.

Last year, Pelé’s son Edinho claimed in an interview that his father’s health struggles had left him depressed and reclusive, embarrassed to leave the house. Within days the man himself had issued an official statement rejecting the claims and insisting that he had “several upcoming events scheduled”. And in a sense, Pelé’s later years have increasingly felt like an attempt to keep breathing life into the character that once so transfixed the world, even as its physical feats recede ever further into the distance.

Eternal struggle

There’s a particularly poignant moment about halfway through the film that seems to encapsulate this eternal struggle. In November 1969, a capacity crowd gathered at the Maracanã in a state of feverish rapture, hoping to see Pelé score his 1,000th career goal against Vasco da Gama. The game was level until the 78th minute, when Pelé wriggled into the area and won a penalty. As he stepped up to take the kick, Pelé looked round to see that his teammates were not camped on the edge of the penalty area but all the way back on the halfway line, willing him on from a distance. Not for the first time, Pelé was alone with just the ball at his feet.

It’s not a great penalty. He places it to his right. Edgardo Andrada, the goalkeeper, flings himself to his left but can’t quite grasp it. The ball hits the net and in that same moment Pelé is bounding after it, scooping it up into his arms. And in that same moment he’s mobbed by a crowd of hundreds of photographers and radio reporters and jubilant fans.

Strong hands try to grab the ball from him and so Pelé hoists it aloft, partly in triumph, partly because he’s just trying to keep hold of the ball. Then all of a sudden in the melee he drops it and the ball disappears into the throng, and the crowd are still going crazy, and Pelé is still frantically looking around, trying to glimpse the ball. But it’s gone.

Forty-seven years later in London, the ball will sell for £81,250 at auction to a private bidder. (Pelé is available from February 23rd on Netflix.) - Guardian


Pele's notable Santos friendlies and goals

Club America, 5-0 (W)2/12/591 goal
Bulgaria, 2-0 (W)5/25/591 goal
Botafogo, 4-1 (W)6/21/591 goal
Inter Milan, 7-1 (W)6/26/594 goals
Poland 5-2 (W)6/25/602 goals
1860 Munich, 9-1 (W)5/27/603 goals
Anderlecht, 6-0 (W)5/28/602 goals
Colombia, 2-1 (W)1/18/612 goals
Club America, 6-2 (W)2/22/612 goals
Benfica, 6-3 (W)6/15/612 goals
Juventus, 2-0 (W)6/18/611 goal
AS Roma, 5-0 (W)6/21/612 goals
Inter Milan, 4-1 (W)6/24/611 goal

"More than half of those were of more importance to Santos, their opponents and to world football than many of the goals he scored in "official games.'"

The so-called "friendlies" in which Pele scored nearly 500 goals left an indelible mark and shaped the history of some of the greatest sides in world football. It was an era before the Copa Libertadores in South America and still the infancy of the European Cup -- both of which were tournaments reservedly for league winners.

"In 1959, during their first European tour, Santos played Real Madrid at the Santiago Bernabeu in front of 70,000 fans," Odir recounts. "The hosts had won three consecutive European Cups but when they prepared to face Santos, they requested the services of striker Gainza on loan from Atletico Madrid. Local journalists declared this the 'Match Of The Century.'

"Weary, having played eight matches in two weeks [against the likes of Feyenoord, Inter Milan and Hamburg], Santos lost 5-3. Real Madrid declared they never again wanted to face Santos again and even pulled out of the Buenos Aires Trophy tournament in 1965 to avoid a rematch. This was of great disappointment to Santos, who won that particular tournament. Santos goalkeeper Gylmar dos Santos Neves said at the time: 'We wanted to hammer them, but inexplicably, they didn't want to take part. They were afraid of losing badly.'

"In 1963, Santos played Barcelona in front of 90,000 fans at Camp Nou and were defeated 2-0." Barca even ran a story on the club website on the 50th anniversary of the "friendly."


Watch: Brazil Legend Pele Scored His 1000th Goal On This Day, 50 Years Ago

Highlights

The revered Brazil striker Pele scored his 1,000th goal on November 19, 1969 at Rio de Janeiro's Maracana stadium in a match between his beloved Santos and local outfit Vasco de Gama, whose vast ranks of fans gave the iconic No. 10 a standing ovation. That goal half a century ago was a beautifully converted penalty which escaped the grasp of the Vasco goalkeeper, sparking a pitch invasion by the press and culminating in Pele being paraded shoulder-high around the historic stadium by his teammates. Swarms of photographers and journalists had been poised pitchside for the moment.

Pele, a national hero after helping Brazil to two World Cup wins in 1958 and 1962, was still just 29 years old when he broke the 1,000-goal barrier.

The penalty decision was a doubtful one. Pele recently joked that with today's VAR system it would likely have been refused.

The goal has etched itself into the Brazilian national consciousness, a deft finish into the bottom right corner, with Pele running to collect the ball and kissing it as he turned away.

Some 65,157 fans had bought tickets for the Brazilian league match in which Pele scored the landmark goal and which Santos went on to win 2-1. Folklore says there were 80,000 in the stands.

Even if today there is debate over the exact number of his goals that should count in an official tally, there is no debate over Pele's sublime goal-scoring talent and the place the now 79-year-old holds in the public imagination.

"I don't need a party to celebrate this," Pele said after the goal. "For me it is much more important to help poor children and those in need, I'm thinking above all of the kind of Christmas those people are going to spend."

Years later, Pele would tell an anecdote about street children in Santos and how the message from his 1,000th goal was for them.

"A few days before the goal I was in Santos and I saw some kids trying to steal cars and I said: 'Hey boys what are you doing?' They tried to justify it by saying they would only target cars from Sao Paulo, so I told them they shouldn't rob anyone at all. That was the message from my 1,000th goal," Pele said.

Pele also says he held off from scoring his 1,000th goal so he could achieve the feat on the big stage at the Maracana.

In a hastily arranged friendly against Botofogo two weeks earlier he scored twice to take his tally to 999.

Then, on November 16, Santos played in Salvador against Bahia.

"I don't want to annoy the Baianos, but I wanted the goal to be in an official game, so I stopped shooting at goal in that game. I was afraid the players would just let it in," he said.

- A thousand goals with Santos -

Many studies have been done on whether or not the November 19 goal was indeed his 1,000th and there are differences of opinion.

Whatever the count Pele, and his entourage, have settled on a final unofficial tally of 1,281 goals in 1,363 games, though that includes the many friendlies Santos played.

There is also his 1,000th goal in a Santos shirt which came against Universidad de Mexico in a friendly in Chicago July 2, 1972.

International football research web site RSSSF (Rec. Sport Soccer Statistics Foundation) put Pele's total at 767 in 831 official matches. That puts him only third in the all-time list.

Czech striker Josef Bican stands top with 805 goals in 530 games in a career interrupted by World War II. Romario, who helped Brazil to the 1994 World Cup, is second on 772 goals from 994.

Breathing down Pele's neck are current stars Cristiano Ronaldo on 724 from 1,018 games and Lionel Messi on 708 from 890.


Contents

Pelé was born Edson Arantes do Nascimento on 23 October 1940, in Três Corações, Minas Gerais, Brazil, the son of Fluminense footballer Dondinho (born João Ramos do Nascimento) and Celeste Arantes. He was the elder of two siblings. [6] He was named after the American inventor Thomas Edison. [7] His parents decided to remove the "i" and call him "Edson", but there was a mistake on the birth certificate, leading many documents to show his name as "Edison", not "Edson", as he is called. [7] [8] He was originally nicknamed "Dico" by his family. [6] [9] He received the nickname "Pelé" during his school days, when it is claimed he was given it because of his pronunciation of the name of his favourite player, local Vasco da Gama goalkeeper Bilé, which he misspoke but the more he complained the more it stuck. In his autobiography, Pelé stated he had no idea what the name means, nor did his old friends. [6] Apart from the assertion that the name is derived from that of Bilé, and that it is Hebrew for "miracle" (פֶּ֫לֶא), the word has no known meaning in Portuguese. [note 1] [10]

Pelé grew up in poverty in Bauru in the state of São Paulo. He earned extra money by working in tea shops as a servant. Taught to play by his father, he could not afford a proper football and usually played with either a sock stuffed with newspaper and tied with a string or a grapefruit. [11] [6] He played for several amateur teams in his youth, including Sete de Setembro, Canto do Rio, São Paulinho, and Amériquinha. [12] Pelé led Bauru Athletic Club juniors (coached by Waldemar de Brito) to two São Paulo state youth championships. [13] In his mid-teens, he played for an indoor football team called Radium. Indoor football had just become popular in Bauru when Pelé began playing it. He was part of the first futsal (indoor football) competition in the region. Pelé and his team won the first championship and several others. [14]

According to Pelé, futsal (indoor football) presented difficult challenges he said it was a lot quicker than football on the grass and that players were required to think faster because everyone is close to each other in the pitch. Pelé credits futsal for helping him think better on the spot. In addition, futsal allowed him to play with adults when he was about 14 years old. In one of the tournaments he participated, he was initially considered too young to play, but eventually went on to end up top scorer with 14 or 15 goals. "That gave me a lot of confidence", Pelé said, "I knew then not to be afraid of whatever might come". [14]

Santos

In 1956, de Brito took Pelé to Santos, an industrial and port city located near São Paulo, to try out for professional club Santos FC, telling the directors at Santos that the 15-year-old would be "the greatest football player in the world." [15] Pelé impressed Santos coach Lula during his trial at the Estádio Vila Belmiro, and he signed a professional contract with the club in June 1956. [16] Pelé was highly promoted in the local media as a future superstar. He made his senior team debut on 7 September 1956 at the age of 15 against Corinthians Santo Andre and had an impressive performance in a 7–1 victory, scoring the first goal in his prolific career during the match. [17] [18]

When the 1957 season started, Pelé was given a starting place in the first team and, at the age of 16, became the top scorer in the league. Ten months after signing professionally, the teenager was called up to the Brazil national team. After the 1958 and the 1962 World Cup, wealthy European clubs, such as Real Madrid, Juventus and Manchester United, [19] tried to sign him in vain in 1958 Inter Milan even managed to get him a regular contract, but Angelo Moratti was forced to tear the contract up at the request of Santos' chairman following a revolt by Santos' Brazilian fans. [20] In 1961 the government of Brazil under President Jânio Quadros declared Pelé an "official national treasure" to prevent him from being transferred out of the country. [11] [21]

Pelé won his first major title with Santos in 1958 as the team won the Campeonato Paulista Pelé would finish the tournament as top scorer with 58 goals, [22] a record that stands today. A year later, he would help the team earn their first victory in the Torneio Rio-São Paulo with a 3–0 over Vasco da Gama. [23] However, Santos was unable to retain the Paulista title. In 1960, Pelé scored 33 goals to help his team regain the Campeonato Paulista trophy but lost out on the Rio-São Paulo tournament after finishing in 8th place. [24] In the 1960 season, Pelé scored 47 goals and helped Santos regain the Campeonato Paulista. The club went on to win the Taça Brasil that same year, beating Bahia in the finals Pelé finished as top scorer of the tournament with 9 goals. The victory allowed Santos to participate in the Copa Libertadores, the most prestigious club tournament in the Western hemisphere. [25]

—Benfica goalkeeper Costa Pereira following the loss to Santos in 1962. [26]

Santos's most successful Copa Libertadores season started in 1962 [27] the team was seeded in Group One alongside Cerro Porteño and Deportivo Municipal Bolivia, winning every match of their group but one (a 1–1 away tie versus Cerro). Santos defeated Universidad Católica in the semi-finals and met defending champions Peñarol in the finals. Pelé scored twice in the playoff match to secure the first title for a Brazilian club. [28] Pelé finished as the second top scorer of the competition with four goals. That same year, Santos would successfully defend the Campeonato Paulista (with 37 goals from Pelé) and the Taça Brasil (Pelé scoring four goals in the final series against Botafogo). Santos would also win the 1962 Intercontinental Cup against Benfica. [29] Wearing his number 10 shirt, Pelé produced one of the best performances of his career, scoring a hat-trick in Lisbon as Santos won 5–2. [30] [31]

As the defending champions, Santos qualified automatically to the semi-final stage of the 1963 Copa Libertadores. The ballet blanco, the nickname given to Santos for Pelé, managed to retain the title after victories over Botafogo and Boca Juniors. Pelé helped Santos overcome a Botafogo team that featured Brazilian greats such as Garrincha and Jairzinho with a last-minute goal in the first leg of the semi-finals which made it 1–1. In the second leg, Pelé scored a hat-trick in the Estádio do Maracanã as Santos won, 0–4, in the second leg. Santos started the final series by winning, 3–2, in the first leg and defeating Boca Juniors 1–2, in La Bombonera. It was a rare feat in official competitions, with another goal from Pelé. [32] Santos became the first (and to date the only) Brazilian team to lift the Copa Libertadores in Argentine soil. Pelé finished the tournament with 5 goals. Santos lost the Campeonato Paulista after finishing in third place but went on to win the Rio-São Paulo tournament after a 0–3 win over Flamengo in the final, with Pelé scoring one goal. Pelé would also help Santos retain the Intercontinental Cup and the Taça Brasil against Milan and Bahia respectively. [29]

In the 1964 Copa Libertadores, Santos were beaten in both legs of the semi-finals by Independiente. The club won the Campeonato Paulista, with Pelé netting 34 goals. Santos also shared the Rio-São Paulo title with Botafogo and won the Taça Brasil for the fourth consecutive year. In the 1965 Copa Libertadores, Santos reached the semi-finals and met Peñarol in a rematch of the 1962 final. After two matches, a playoff was needed to break the tie. [33] Unlike 1962, Peñarol came out on top and eliminated Santos 2–1. [33] Pelé would, however, finish as the topscorer of the tournament with eight goals. [34] This proved to be the start of a decline as Santos failed to retain the Torneio Rio-São Paulo. In 1966, Pelé and Santos also failed to retain the Taça Brasil as Pelé's goals were not enough to prevent a 9–4 defeat by Cruzeiro (led by Tostão) in the final series. The club did, however, win the Campeonato Paulista in 1967, 1968 and 1969. On 19 November 1969, Pelé scored his 1,000th goal in all competitions, in what was a highly anticipated moment in Brazil. The goal, dubbed O Milésimo (The Thousandth), occurred in a match against Vasco da Gama, when Pelé scored from a penalty kick, at the Maracanã Stadium. [35]

Pelé states that his most memorable goal was scored at Rua Javari stadium on a Campeonato Paulista match against São Paulo rival Clube Atlético Juventus on 2 August 1959. As there is no video footage of this match, Pelé asked that a computer animation be made of this specific goal. [36] In March 1961, Pelé scored the gol de placa (goal worthy of a plaque), against Fluminense at the Maracanã. [37] Pelé received the ball on the edge of his own penalty area, and ran the length of the field, eluding opposition players with feints, before striking the ball beyond the goalkeeper. [37] A plaque was commissioned with a dedication to "the most beautiful goal in the history of the Maracanã". [38]

In 1969, the two factions involved in the Nigerian Civil War agreed to a 48-hour ceasefire so they could watch Pelé play an exhibition game in Lagos. Santos ended up playing to a 2–2 draw with Lagos side Stationary Stores FC and Pelé scored his team's goals. The civil war went on for one more year after this game. [39] During his time at Santos, Pelé played alongside many gifted players, including Zito, Pepe, and Coutinho the latter partnered him in numerous one-two plays, attacks, and goals. [40] Pelé's 643 goals for Santos was the most goals scored for a single club until it was surpassed by Lionel Messi of Barcelona in December 2020. [41] [42]

New York Cosmos

After the 1974 season (his 19th with Santos), Pelé retired from Brazilian club football although he continued to occasionally play for Santos in official competitive matches. Two years later, he came out of semi-retirement to sign with the New York Cosmos of the North American Soccer League (NASL) for the 1975 season. [43] At a chaotic press conference at New York's 21 Club, the Cosmos unveiled Pelé. John O'Reilly, the club's media spokesman, stated, "We had superstars in the United States but nothing at the level of Pelé. Everyone wanted to touch him, shake his hand, get a photo with him." [44] Though well past his prime at this point, Pelé was credited with significantly increasing public awareness and interest of the sport in the US. [45] During his first public appearance in Boston, he was injured by a crowd of fans who had surrounded him and was evacuated on a stretcher. [46]

Pelé made his debut for the Cosmos on 15 June 1975 against the Dallas Tornado at Downing Stadium, scoring one goal in a 2–2 draw. [47] Pelé opened the door for many other stars to play in North America. Giorgio Chinaglia followed him to the Cosmos, then Franz Beckenbauer and his former Santos teammate Carlos Alberto. Over the next few years other players came to the league, including Johan Cruyff, Eusebio, Bobby Moore, George Best and Gordon Banks. [45]

In 1975, one week before the Lebanese Civil War, Pelé played a friendly game for the Lebanese club Nejmeh against a team of Lebanese Premier League stars, [48] scoring two goals which were not included in his official tally. [49] [50] On the day of the game, 40,000 spectators were at the stadium from early morning to watch the match. [48]

Hoping to fuel the same kind of awareness in the Dominican Republic, he and the Cosmos team played in an exhibition match against Haitian team, Violette AC, in the Santo Domingo Olympic Stadium on 3 June 1976, where over 25,000 fans watched him score a winning goal in the last seconds of the match, leading the Cosmos to a 2–1 victory. [51] He led the Cosmos to the 1977 NASL championship, in his third and final season with the club. [52]

In June 1977, the Cosmos attracted an NASL record 62,394 fans to Giants Stadium for a 3–0 victory past the Tampa Bay Rowdies with a 37-year-old Pelé scoring a hat-trick. In the first leg of the quarter-finals, they attracted a US record crowd of 77,891 for what turned into an 8–3 rout of the Fort Lauderdale Strikers at Giants Stadium. In the second leg of the semi-finals against the Rochester Lancers, the Cosmos won 4–1. [45] Pelé finished his official playing career by leading the New York Cosmos to their first Soccer Bowl title with a 2–1 win over the Seattle Sounders at the Civic Stadium in Portland, Oregon. [53]

On 1 October 1977, Pelé closed out his career in an exhibition match between the Cosmos and Santos. The match was played in front of a sold-out crowd at Giants Stadium and was televised in the US on ABC's Wide World of Sports as well as throughout the world. Pelé's father and wife both attended the match, as well as Muhammad Ali and Bobby Moore. [54] Delivering a message to the audience prior to the start of the game—"Love is more important than what we can take in life"—Pelé played the first half with the Cosmos, the second with Santos. The game ended with the Cosmos winning 2–1, with Pelé scoring with a 30-yard free-kick for the Cosmos in what was the final goal of his career. During the second half it started to rain, prompting a Brazilian newspaper to come out with the headline the following day: "Even The Sky Was Crying." [55]

Pelé's first international match was a 2–1 defeat against Argentina on 7 July 1957 at the Maracanã. [56] [57] In that match, he scored his first goal for Brazil aged 16 years and nine months, and he remains the youngest goalscorer for his country. [58] [59]

1958 World Cup

Pelé arrived in Sweden sidelined by a knee injury but on his return from the treatment room, his colleagues stood together and insisted upon his selection. [60] His first match was against the USSR in the third match of the first round of the 1958 FIFA World Cup, where he gave the assist to Vavá's second goal. [61] He was at the time the youngest player ever to participate in the World Cup. [note 2] [57] Against France in the semi-final, Brazil was leading 2–1 at halftime, and then Pelé scored a hat-trick, becoming the youngest in World Cup history to do so. [63]

On 29 June 1958, Pelé became the youngest player to play in a World Cup final match at 17 years and 249 days. He scored two goals in that final as Brazil beat Sweden 5–2 in Stockholm, the capital. Pelé hit the post and then Vavá scored two goals to give Brazil the lead. His first goal where he flicked the ball over a defender before volleying into the corner of the net, was selected as one of the best goals in the history of the World Cup. [64] Following Pelé's second goal, Swedish player Sigvard Parling would later comment "When Pelé scored the fifth goal in that Final, I have to be honest and say I felt like applauding". [65] When the match ended, Pelé passed out on the field, and was revived by Garrincha. [66] He then recovered, and was compelled by the victory to weep as he was being congratulated by his teammates. He finished the tournament with six goals in four matches played, tied for second place, behind record-breaker Just Fontaine, and was named best young player of the tournament. [67] His impact was arguably greater off the field, with Barney Ronay writing, "With nothing but talent to guide him, the boy from Minas Gerais became the first black global sporting superstar, and a source of genuine uplift and inspiration." [5]

It was in the 1958 World Cup that Pelé began wearing a jersey with number 10. The event was the result of disorganization: the leaders of the Brazilian Federation did not allocate the shirt numbers of players and it was up to FIFA to choose the number 10 shirt for Pelé who was a substitute on the occasion. [68] The press proclaimed Pelé the greatest revelation of the 1958 World Cup, and he was also retroactively given the Silver Ball as the second best player of the tournament, behind Didi. [65]

South American Championship

Pelé also played in the South American Championship. In the 1959 competition he was named best player of the tournament and was top scorer with 8 goals, as Brazil came second despite being unbeaten in the tournament. [65] [69] He scored in five of Brazil's six games, including two goals against Chile and a hat-trick against Paraguay. [70]

1962 World Cup

When the 1962 World Cup started, Pelé was the best rated player in the world. [71] In the first match of the 1962 World Cup in Chile, against Mexico, Pelé assisted the first goal and then scored the second one, after a run past four defenders, to go up 2–0. [72] He injured himself in the next game while attempting a long-range shot against Czechoslovakia. [73] This would keep him out of the rest of the tournament, and forced coach Aymoré Moreira to make his only lineup change of the tournament. The substitute was Amarildo, who performed well for the rest of the tournament. However, it was Garrincha who would take the leading role and carry Brazil to their second World Cup title, after beating Czechoslovakia at the final in Santiago. [74]

1966 World Cup

Pelé was the most famous footballer in the world during the 1966 World Cup in England, and Brazil fielded some world champions like Garrincha, Gilmar and Djalma Santos with the addition of other stars like Jairzinho, Tostão and Gérson, leading to high expectations for them. [75] Brazil was eliminated in the first round, playing only three matches. [75] The World Cup was marked, among other things, for brutal fouls on Pelé that left him injured by the Bulgarian and Portuguese defenders. [76]

Pelé scored the first goal from a free kick against Bulgaria, becoming the first player to score in three successive FIFA World Cups, but due to his injury, a result of persistent fouling by the Bulgarians, he missed the second game against Hungary. [75] His coach stated that after the first game he felt "every team will take care of him in the same manner". [76] Brazil lost that game and Pelé, although still recovering, was brought back for the last crucial match against Portugal at Goodison Park in Liverpool by the Brazilian coach Vicente Feola. Feola changed the entire defense, including the goalkeeper, while in midfield he returned to the formation of the first match. During the game, Portugal defender João Morais fouled Pelé, but was not sent off by referee George McCabe a decision retrospectively viewed as being among the worst refereeing errors in World Cup history. [77] Pelé had to stay on the field limping for the rest of the game, since substitutes were not allowed at that time. [77] After this game he vowed he would never again play in the World Cup, a decision he would later change. [71]

1970 World Cup

Pelé was called to the national team in early 1969, he refused at first, but then accepted and played in six World Cup qualifying matches, scoring six goals. [78] The 1970 World Cup in Mexico was expected to be Pelé's last. Brazil's squad for the tournament featured major changes in relation to the 1966 squad. Players like Garrincha, Nilton Santos, Valdir Pereira, Djalma Santos and Gilmar had already retired. However, Brazil's 1970 World Cup squad, which included players like Pelé, Rivelino, Jairzinho, Gérson, Carlos Alberto Torres, Tostão and Clodoaldo, is often considered to be the greatest football team in history. [79] [80]

The front five of Jairzinho, Pelé, Gerson, Tostão and Rivelino together created an attacking momentum, with Pelé having a central role in Brazil's way to the final. [82] All of Brazil's matches in the tournament (except the final) were played in Guadalajara, and in the first match against Czechoslovakia, Pelé gave Brazil a 2–1 lead, by controlling Gerson's long pass with his chest and then scoring. In this match Pelé attempted to lob goalkeeper Ivo Viktor from the half-way line, only narrowly missing the Czechoslovak goal. [83] Brazil went on to win the match, 4–1. In the first half of the match against England, Pelé nearly scored with a header that was saved by the England goalkeeper Gordon Banks. Pelé recalled he was already shouting "Goal" when he headed the ball. It was often referred to as the "save of the century." [84] In the second half, he controlled a cross from Tostão before flicking the ball to Jairzinho who scored the only goal. [85]

Against Romania, Pelé scored two goals, which included a 20-yard bending free-kick, with Brazil winning 3–2. In the quarter-final against Peru, Brazil won 4–2, with Pelé assisting Tostão for Brazil's third goal. In the semi-final, Brazil faced Uruguay for the first time since the 1950 World Cup final round match. Jairzinho put Brazil ahead 2–1, and Pelé assisted Rivelino for the 3–1. During that match, Pelé made one of his most famous plays. Tostão passed the ball for Pelé to collect which Uruguay's goalkeeper Ladislao Mazurkiewicz took notice of and ran off his line to get the ball before Pelé. However, Pelé got there first and fooled Mazurkiewicz with a feint by not touching the ball, causing it to roll to the goalkeepers left, while Pelé went to the goalkeepers right. Pelé ran around the goalkeeper to retrieve the ball and took a shot while turning towards the goal, but he turned in excess as he shot, and the ball drifted just wide of the far post. [83] [86]

Brazil played Italy in the final at the Azteca Stadium in Mexico City. [87] Pelé scored the opening goal with a header after outjumping Italian defender Tarcisio Burgnich. Brazil's 100th World Cup goal, Pelé's leap of joy into the arms of teammate Jairzinho in celebrating the goal is regarded as one of the most iconic moments in World Cup history. [88] He then made assists for Brazil's third goal, scored by Jairzinho, and the fourth finished by Carlos Alberto. The last goal of the game is often considered the greatest team goal of all time because it involved all but two of the team's outfield players. The play culminated after Pelé made a blind pass that went into Carlos Alberto's running trajectory. He came running from behind and struck the ball to score. [89] Brazil won the match 4–1, keeping the Jules Rimet Trophy indefinitely, and Pelé received the Golden Ball as player of the tournament. [65] [90] Burgnich, who marked Pelé during the final, was quoted saying "I told myself before the game, he's made of skin and bones just like everyone else – but I was wrong". [91] In terms of his goals and assist throughout the 1970 World Cup, Pelé was directly responsible for 53% of Brazil's goals throughout the tournament. [92]

Pelé's last international match was on 18 July 1971 against Yugoslavia in Rio de Janeiro. With Pelé on the field, the Brazilian team's record was 67 wins, 14 draws and 11 losses. [78] Brazil never lost a match while fielding both Pelé and Garrincha. [93]

Pelé has also been known for connecting the phrase "The Beautiful Game" with football. [94] A prolific goalscorer, he was known for his ability to anticipate opponents in the area and finish off chances with an accurate and powerful shot with either foot. [4] [95] [96] Pelé was also a hard-working team player, and a complete forward, with exceptional vision and intelligence, who was recognised for his precise passing and ability to link up with teammates and provide them with assists. [97] [98] [99]

In his early career, he played in a variety of attacking positions. Although he usually operated inside the penalty area as a main striker or centre forward, his wide range of skills also allowed him to play in a more withdrawn role, as an inside forward or second striker, or out wide. [83] [97] [100] In his later career, he took on more of a deeper playmaking role behind the strikers, often functioning as an attacking midfielder. [101] [102] Pelé's unique playing style combined speed, creativity, and technical skill with physical power, stamina, and athleticism. His excellent technique, balance, flair, agility, and dribbling skills enabled him to beat opponents with the ball, and frequently saw him use sudden changes of direction and elaborate feints in order to get past players, such as his trademark move, the drible da vaca. [83] [100] [103] Another one of his signature moves was the paradinha, or little stop. [note 3] [104]

Despite his relatively small stature, 5 feet 8 inches (1.73 m), [105] he excelled in the air, due to his heading accuracy, timing, and elevation. [95] [98] [103] [106] Renowned for his bending shots, he was also an accurate free-kick taker, and penalty taker, although he often refrained from taking penalties, stating that he believed it to be a cowardly way to score. [107] [108]

Pelé was also known to be a fair and highly influential player, who stood out for his charismatic leadership and sportsmanship on the pitch. His warm embrace of Bobby Moore following the Brazil vs England game at the 1970 World Cup is viewed as the embodiment of sportsmanship, with The New York Times stating the image "captured the respect that two great players had for each other. As they exchanged jerseys, touches and looks, the sportsmanship between them is all in the image. No gloating, no fist-pumping from Pelé. No despair, no defeatism from Bobby Moore." [109] Pelé also earned a reputation for often being a decisive player for his teams, due to his tendency to score crucial goals in important matches. [110] [111] [112]

Among the most successful and popular sports figures of the 20th century, [113] Pelé is one of the most lauded players in the history of football and has been frequently ranked the best player ever. [1] [114] [115] Among his contemporaries, Dutch star Johan Cruyff stated "Pelé was the only footballer who surpassed the boundaries of logic." [26] Brazil's 1970 FIFA World Cup-winning captain Carlos Alberto Torres opined "His great secret was improvisation. Those things he did were in one moment. He had an extraordinary perception of the game." [26] Tostão, his strike partner at the 1970 World Cup "Pelé was the greatest – he was simply flawless. And off the pitch he is always smiling and upbeat. You never see him bad-tempered. He loves being Pelé." [26] His Brazilian teammate Clodoaldo commented on the adulation he witnessed "In some countries they wanted to touch him, in some they wanted to kiss him. In others they even kissed the ground he walked on. I thought it was beautiful, just beautiful." [26]

Pelé is the greatest player of all time. He reigned supreme for 20 years. There's no one to compare with him.

Former Real Madrid and Hungary star Ferenc Puskás stated "The greatest player in history was Di Stéfano. I refuse to classify Pelé as a player. He was above that." [26] Just Fontaine, French striker and leading scorer at the 1958 World Cup "When I saw Pelé play, it made me feel I should hang up my boots." [26] England's 1966 FIFA World Cup-winning captain Bobby Moore commented: "Pelé was the most complete player I've ever seen, he had everything. Two good feet. Magic in the air. Quick. Powerful. Could beat people with skill. Could outrun people. Only five feet and eight inches tall, yet he seemed a giant of an athlete on the pitch. Perfect balance and impossible vision. He was the greatest because he could do anything and everything on a football pitch. I remember Saldanha the coach being asked by a Brazilian journalist who was the best goalkeeper in his squad. He said Pelé. The man could play in any position". [95] Former Manchester United striker and member of England's 1966 FIFA World Cup-winning team Sir Bobby Charlton stated "I sometimes feel as though football was invented for this magical player." [26] During the 1970 World Cup, when Manchester United defender Paddy Crerand (who was part of the ITV panel) was asked "How do you spell Pelé?", he replied with the response "Easy: G-O-D." [26]

Accolades

Since retiring, Pelé has continued to be lauded by players, coaches, journalists and others. Brazilian attacking midfielder Zico, who represented Brazil at the 1978, 1982 and 1986 FIFA World Cup, stated "This debate about the player of the century is absurd. There's only one possible answer: Pelé. He's the greatest player of all time, and by some distance I might add". [65] French three time Ballon d'Or winner Michel Platini said "There's Pelé the man, and then Pelé the player. And to play like Pelé is to play like God." [116] Diego Maradona, joint FIFA Player of the Century, and the player Pelé is historically compared with, stated "It's too bad we never got along, but he was an awesome player". [65] Prolific Brazilian striker Romário, winner of the 1994 FIFA World Cup and player of the tournament "It's only inevitable I look up to Pelé. He's like a God to us". [65] Five-time FIFA Ballon d'Or winner Cristiano Ronaldo said: "Pelé is the greatest player in football history, and there will only be one Pelé", while José Mourinho, two-time UEFA Champions League winning manager, commented "I think he is football. You have the real special one – Mr. Pelé." [117] Real Madrid honorary president and former player, Alfredo Di Stéfano, opined: "The best player ever? Pelé. Lionel Messi and Cristiano Ronaldo are both great players with specific qualities, but Pelé was better". [118]

Presenting Pelé the Laureus Lifetime Achievement Award, former South African president Nelson Mandela said "To watch him play was to watch the delight of a child combined with the extraordinary grace of a man in full." [119] US politician and political scientist Henry Kissinger stated, "Performance at a high level in any sport is to exceed the ordinary human scale. But Pelé's performance transcended that of the ordinary star by as much as the star exceeds ordinary performance." [120] After a reporter asked if his fame compared to that of Jesus, Pelé quipped, "There are parts of the world where Jesus Christ is not so well known." [91] The artist Andy Warhol (who painted a portrait of Pelé) also quipped, "Pelé was one of the few who contradicted my theory: instead of 15 minutes of fame, he will have 15 centuries." [26]

What is certain is that Pelé invented this game, the idea of individual global sporting superstardom, and in a way that is unrepeatable now.

In 2000, the International Federation of Football History & Statistics (IFFHS) voted Pelé the World Player of the Century. In 1999, the International Olympic Committee elected him the Athlete of the Century and Time magazine named Pelé one of the 100 Most Important People of the 20th Century. During his playing days, Pelé was for a period the highest-paid athlete in the world. [121] Pelé's "electrifying play and penchant for spectacular goals" made him a star around the world. To take full advantage of his popularity, his teams toured internationally. [4] During his career, he became known as "The Black Pearl" (A Pérola Negra), "The King of Football" (O Rei do Futebol), "The King Pelé" (O Rei Pelé) or simply "The King" (O Rei). [11] In 2014, the city of Santos inaugurated the Pelé museum – Museu Pelé – which displays a 2,400 piece collection of Pelé memorabilia. [122] Approximately $22 million was invested in the construction of the museum, housed in a 19th-century mansion. [123]

In January 2014, Pelé was awarded the first ever FIFA Ballon d'Or Prix d'Honneur as an acknowledgment from the world governing body of the sport for his contribution to world football. [124] After changing the rules in 1995, France Football did an extensive analysis in 2015 of the players who would have won the award if it was open for them since 1956—the year the Ballon d'Or award started. Their study revealed that Pelé would have received the award a record seven times (Ballon d'or: Le nouveau palmarès). The original recipients, however, remain unchanged. [125] In 2020, Pelé was named in the Ballon d'Or Dream Team, a greatest all-time XI. [126]

According to the RSSSF, Pelé is one of the most successful goal-scorers in the world, scoring 538 league goals, [127] a total of 775 in 840 official games and a tally of 1,301 goals in 1,390 appearances during his professional senior career, which included friendlies and tour games. He's ranked among the leading scorer in football history in both official and total matches. After his retirement in 1977 he played eight exhibition games and scored three goals. [128]

Relationships and children

  • By Anizia Machado
    • Sandra (1964–2006)
    • Flávia (born 1968)
    • Kelly Cristina (born 1967)
    • Edson (born 1970)
    • Jennifer (born 1978)
    • Joshua (born 1996)
    • Celeste (born 1996)

    Pelé has married three times, and has had several affairs, producing several children.

    On 21 February 1966, Pelé married Rosemeri dos Reis Cholbi. [130] They had two daughters and one son: Kelly Cristina (born 13 January 1967), who married Dr. Arthur DeLuca, Jennifer (b. 1978), and their son Edson ("Edinho", b. 27 August 1970). The couple divorced in 1982. [131] In May 2014, Edinho was jailed for 33 years for laundering money from drug trafficking. [132] On appeal the sentence was reduced to 12 years and 10 months. [133]

    From 1981 to 1986, Pelé was romantically linked with TV presenter Xuxa, which was influential in launching her career. She was 17 when they started dating. [134] In April 1994, Pelé married psychologist and gospel singer Assíria Lemos Seixas, who gave birth on 28 September 1996 to twins Joshua and Celeste through fertility treatments. The couple divorced in 2008. [135]

    Pelé had at least two more children from former affairs. Sandra Machado, who was born from an affair Pelé had in 1964 with a housemaid, Anizia Machado, fought for years to be acknowledged by Pelé, who refused to submit to DNA tests. [136] [137] [138] Although she was recognised by courts as his biological daughter based on DNA evidence in 1993, Pelé never acknowledged his eldest daughter even after her death in 2006, nor her two children, Octavio and Gabriel. [137] [138] Pelé also had another daughter, Flávia Kurtz, in an extramarital affair in 1968 with journalist Lenita Kurtz. Flávia was recognised by him as his daughter. [136]

    At the age of 73, Pelé announced his intention to marry 41-year-old Marcia Aoki, a Japanese-Brazilian importer of medical equipment from Penápolis, São Paulo, whom he had been dating from 2010. They first met in the mid-1980s in New York, before meeting again in 2008. [139] They married in July 2016. [140]

    Politics

    In 1970, Pelé was investigated by the Brazilian military dictatorship for suspected leftist sympathies. Declassified documents showed Pelé was investigated after being handed a manifesto calling for the release of political prisoners. Pelé himself did not get further involved within political struggles in the country. [141]

    In 1976, Pelé was on a Pepsi-sponsored trip in Lagos, Nigeria, when that year's attempted military coup took place. Pelé was trapped in a hotel together with Arthur Ashe and other tennis pros, who were participating in the interrupted 1976 Lagos WCT tournament. Pelé and his crew eventually left the hotel to stay at the residence of Brazil's ambassador as they could not leave the country for a couple of days. Later the airport was opened and Pelé left the country disguised as a pilot. [142] [143]

    In June 2013, he was criticised in public opinion for his conservative views. [144] [145] During the 2013 protests in Brazil, Pelé asked for people to "forget the demonstrations" and support the Brazil national team. [146]

    Health

    In 1977, Brazilian media reported that Pelé had his right kidney removed. [147] In November 2012, Pelé underwent a successful hip operation. [148] In December 2017, Pelé appeared in a wheelchair at the 2018 World Cup draw in Moscow where he was pictured with Russian President Vladimir Putin and Diego Maradona. [149] A month later he collapsed from exhaustion and was taken to hospital. [149] In 2019, after a hospitalisation because of a urinary tract infection, Pelé underwent surgery to remove kidney stones. [150] In February 2020 his son Edinho reported that Pelé was unable to walk independently and reluctant to leave home, ascribing his condition to a lack of rehabilitation following his hip operation. [151]

    Public image

    In 1994, Pelé was appointed a UNESCO Goodwill Ambassador. [154] In 1995, Brazilian President Fernando Henrique Cardoso appointed Pelé to the position of Extraordinary Minister for Sport. During this time he proposed legislation to reduce corruption in Brazilian football, which became known as the "Pelé law." [155] The Brazilian President had eliminated the post of Sports Minister in 1998. [156] In 2001 Pele was accused of involvement in a corruption scandal that stole $700,000 from UNICEF. It was claimed that money given to Pelé's company for a benefit match was not returned after it was cancelled, although nothing was proven, and it was denied by UNICEF. [157] [158] In 1997, he received an honorary knighthood from Queen Elizabeth II at a ceremony in Buckingham Palace. [159] Pelé also helped inaugurate the 2006 FIFA World Cup finals, alongside supermodel Claudia Schiffer. [80]

    In 1993, Pelé publicly accused the Brazilian football administrator Ricardo Teixeira of corruption after Pelé's television company was rejected in a contest for the Brazilian domestic rights to the 1994 World Cup. [160] Pelé accusations led to an eight-year feud between the pair. [161] As a consequence of the affair, the President of FIFA, João Havelange banned Pelé from the draw for the 1994 FIFA World Cup in Las Vegas. Criticisms over the ban were perceived to have damaged Havelange's chances of re-election as FIFA's president in 1994. [160]

    Pelé has published several autobiographies, starred in documentary films, and composed musical pieces, including the soundtrack for the film Pelé in 1977. [162] He appeared in the 1981 film Escape to Victory, about a World War II-era football match between Allied prisoners of war and a German team. Pelé starred alongside other footballers of the 1960s and 1970s, with actors Michael Caine, and Sylvester Stallone. [163] in 1969, Pelé starred in a telenovela called Os Estranhos, about first contact with aliens. It was created to drum up interest in the Apollo missions. [164] In 2001, had a cameo role in the satire film, Mike Bassett: England Manager. [165] Pelé was asked to participate in the 2006 ESPN documentary film Once in a Lifetime: The Extraordinary Story of the New York Cosmos, but declined when the producers refused to pay his requested $100,000 fee. [166]

    In November 2007, Pelé was in Sheffield, England to mark the 150th anniversary of the world's oldest football club, Sheffield F.C. [167] Pelé was the guest of honour at Sheffield's anniversary match against Inter Milan at Bramall Lane. [167] As part of his visit, Pelé opened an exhibition which included the first public showing in 40 years of the original hand-written rules of football. [167] Pelé scouted for Premier League club Fulham in 2002. [168] He made the draw for the qualification groups for the 2006 FIFA World Cup finals. [169] On 1 August 2010, Pelé was introduced as the Honorary President of a revived New York Cosmos, aiming to field a team in Major League Soccer. [170] In August 2011, ESPN reported that Santos were considering bringing him out of retirement for a cameo role in the 2011 FIFA Club World Cup, although this turned out to be false. [171]

    The most notable area of Pelé's life since football is his ambassadorial work. In 1992, he was appointed a UN ambassador for ecology and the environment. [172] He was also awarded Brazil's gold medal for outstanding services to the sport in 1995. In 2012, Pelé was awarded an honorary degree from the University of Edinburgh for "significant contribution to humanitarian and environmental causes, as well as his sporting achievements". [173]

    In 2009, Pelé assisted the Rio de Janeiro bid for the 2016 Summer Olympics. In July 2009 he spearheaded the Rio 2016 presentation to the Association of National Olympic Committees of Africa General Assembly in Abuja, Nigeria. [174]

    On 12 August 2012, Pelé was an attendee at the 2012 Olympic hunger summit hosted by UK Prime Minister David Cameron at 10 Downing Street, London, part of a series of international efforts which have sought to respond to the return of hunger as a high-profile global issue. [175] [176] Later on the same day, Pelé appeared at the closing ceremony of the 2012 Summer Olympics in London, following the handover section to the next host city for the 2016 Summer Olympics, Rio de Janeiro. [177]

    In March 2016, Pelé filed a lawsuit against Samsung Electronics in the United States District Court for the Northern District of Illinois seeking US$30 million in damages claiming violations under the Lanham Act for false endorsement and a state law claim for violation of his right of publicity. [178] The suit alleged that at one point, Samsung and Pelé came close to entering into a licensing agreement for Pelé to appear in a Samsung advertising campaign. Samsung abruptly pulled out of the negotiations. The October 2015 Samsung ad in question included a partial face shot of a man who allegedly "very closely resembles" Pelé and also a superimposed high-definition television screen next to the image of the man featuring a "modified bicycle or scissors-kick", often used by Pelé. [178]

    Santos

    New York Cosmos

    Brazil

    Unofficial titles

    Individual

    In December 2000, Pelé and Maradona shared the prize of FIFA Player of the Century by FIFA. [192] The award was originally intended to be based upon votes in a web poll, but after it became apparent that it favoured Diego Maradona, many observers complained that the Internet nature of the poll would have meant a skewed demographic of younger fans who would have seen Maradona play, but not Pelé. FIFA then appointed a "Family of Football" committee of FIFA members to decide the winner of the award together with the votes of the readers of the FIFA magazine. The committee chose Pelé. Since Maradona was winning the Internet poll, however, it was decided he and Pelé should share the award. [193]

      Top Scorer: 1965[194] Top Scorer (2): 1962, 1963[195][196][197] Top Scorer (3): 1961, 1963, 1964[198] Top Scorer (11): 1957, 1958, 1959, 1960, 1961, 1962, 1963, 1964, 1965, 1969, 1973 [169] Top Scorer: 1963 [199] : 1970 [200] : 1958[67] : 1958 : 1970[65] Best Player: 1959[69] Top Scorer: 1959[70] : 2013[201]
  • World Player of the Century, by the IFFHS: 2000 [202][203]
  • South American player of the century, by the IFFHS: 2000 [202][203]
  • Elected best Brazilian player of the century, by the IFFHS: 2006 [204] 's Ballon d'Or (7): 1958, 1959, 1960, 1961, 1963, 1964, 1970 – Le nouveau palmarès (the new winners)[125][205] : 2000 [65] : 1984 [206] : 2004 [207] Greatest Living Footballers: 2004 [208]
  • Winner of France Football's World Cup Top-100 1930–1990[209] : 1970 [210] : 2005 [211] : 2000 [212]
  • Greatest football player to have ever played the game, by Golden Foot: 2012 [213]
  • Athlete of the Century, by Reuters News Agency: 1999 [214]
  • Athlete of the Century, elected by International Olympic Committee: 1999 [215] : 1973 [216]
  • Football Player of the Century, elected by France Football's Ballon d'Or Winners: 1999 [217]
  • Inducted into the American National Soccer Hall of Fame: 1992 [207] : 1998 [218]
  • TIME: One of the 100 Most Important People of the 20th century: 1999 [219] : 2013 [220] : 2018 [221]
  • Included in the North American Soccer League (NASL) All-Star team (3): 1975, 1976, 1977 [222]retired by the New York Cosmos as a recognition to his contribution to the club: 1977 [223][224]
  • Elected Citizen of the World, by the United Nations: 1977 [225]
  • Elected Goodwill Ambassador, by UNESCO: 1993 [225] : 2020 [126]
  • 11Leyendas Jornal AS: 2021 [226]
  • Orders

      : 1967 [227] (honorary knighthood): 1997 [228]
    • Elected Commander of the Order of Rio Branco after scoring the thousandth goal: 1969 [225]
    • Awarded with the Cross of the Order of the Republic of Hungary: 1994 [225]
    • Awarded the FIFA Order as a tribute to his 80 years as a sports institution: 1984 [225]
    • Awarded with the Order of Merit of South America, by CONMEBOL: 1984 [225]
    • Awarded with the Order of Champions, by the Organization of Catholic Youth in the USA: 1978 [225]
    • He was awarded the National Order of Merit, by the government of Brazil: 1991 [225]
    • Olympic Order, by the International Olympic Committee: 2016 [229]

    Records

      for Brazil national football team: 77 (95 including unofficial friendlies) [230] for a South American team: 77 (for Brazil) [231] for Santos: 643 (in 659 competitive games) [3] in the Intercontinental Cup: 7 [232]
    • Most hat-tricks in world football: 92 [233]
    • Most career goals in world football (including friendlies): 1,283 (in 1,363 games) [234]
    • Most FIFA World Cup winners' medals: 3 (1958, 1962, 1970) [234][235]
    • Youngest winner of a FIFA World Cup: aged 17 years and 249 days (1958) [236]
    • Youngest goalscorer in a FIFA World Cup: aged 17 years and 239 days (for Brazil vs Wales, 1958) [65][237]
    • Youngest player to score a hat-trick in a FIFA World Cup: aged 17 years and 244 days (for Brazil vs France, 1958) [237]
    • Youngest player to play in a FIFA World Cup Final: aged 17 years and 249 days (1958) [238]
    • Youngest goalscorer in a FIFA World Cup Final: aged 17 years and 249 days (for Brazil vs Sweden, 1958) [238]
    • Most assists provided in FIFA World Cup history: 10 (1958–1970) [239]
    • Most assists provided in a single FIFA World Cup tournament: 6 (1970) [240]
    • Most assists provided in FIFA World Cup Final matches: 3 (1 in 1958 and 2 in 1970) [240]
    • Most goals in FIFA World Cup Final matches: 3 (2 in 1958 and 1 in 1970) (shared with Vavá, Geoff Hurst and Zinedine Zidane) [241]
    • Most goals in a calendar year: 127 (1959) [240]
    • Youngest goalscorer of the Paulista Championship: aged 17 years (1957, for Santos)
    • Youngest FIFA World Cup winner: aged 17 years (1958, for Brazil)
    • Youngest two-time FIFA World Cup winner: aged 21 years (1962, for Brazil)

    Pelé's goalscoring record is often reported by FIFA as being 1,281 goals in 1,363 games. [65] This figure includes goals scored by Pelé in friendly club matches, including international tours Pelé completed with Santos and the New York Cosmos, and a few games Pelé played in for the Brazilian armed forces teams during his national service in Brazil and the Selection Team of Sao Paolo State for the Brazilian Championship of States (Campeonato Brasileiro de Seleções Estaduais). [242] [243] He was listed in the Guinness World Records for most career goals scored in football. [2] In 2000, IFFHS declared Pelé as the "World's Best and successful Top Division Goal Scorer of all time" with 541 goals in 560 games and honoured him with a trophy. [244] [245]

    The tables below record every goal Pelé scored in official club competitions for Santos and all matches and goals for the New York Cosmos.

    • * Indicates that the number was deduced from the list of rsssf.com and this list of Pelé games.[1]

    International

    Pelé is the top scorer of the Brazil national football team with 77 goals in 92 official appearances. [65] He scored 12 goals and is credited with 10 assists in 14 World Cup appearances, including 4 goals and 7 assists in 1970. [17] Pelé shares with Uwe Seeler, Miroslav Klose and Cristiano Ronaldo the achievement of being the only players to have scored in four separate World Cup tournaments. [252] [253]

    International records
    Team Year Apps Goals Goal average
    Brazil 1957 2 2 1.00
    1958 7 9 1.28
    1959 9 11 1.22
    1960 6 4 0.67
    1961 0 0
    1962 8 8 1.00
    1963 7 7 1.00
    1964 3 2 0.67
    1965 8 9 1.12
    1966 9 5 0.55
    1967 0 0
    1968 7 4 0.57
    1969 9 7 0.77
    1970 15 8 0.53
    1971 2 1 0.50
    Total 92 77 0.84

    Summary

    Pelé's statistics of goals and appearances differ between sources mostly due to friendly games. The RSSSF states that Pelé scored 775 goals in 840 official games. [232] The following table is based on the latest announcement of RSSSF (2021). [128]


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    This Day in History – 19th November

    Hello there! Thank you for wanting to know more than you did yesterday. We have compiled a list of important and interesting events which happened on 19th November from all across the world. Happy reading!

    • 1493 Columbus discovered Puerto Rico: Christopher Columbus discovered Puerto Rico and the US Virgin Islands on his second voyage to the Indies on 19th November, 1493.
    • 1835 Rani Lakshmi Bai born: Lakshmi Bai was the Indian Queen of the princely state of Jhansi in North India and leader of the Indian Mutiny in 1857-58. She lives on as a symbol of courage and rebellion against the oppressive British Raj.
    • 1850 Alfred Tennyson becomes British Poet Laureate: Alfred Tennyson is one of the most famous English poets in history whose career lasted almost 62 years. He succeeded Wordsworth as the Poet Laureate in 1850 and became Lord Alfred First Baron Tennyson.
    • 1863 Lincoln delivers his Gettysburg address: President Abraham Lincoln’s Gettysburg Address, which begins with the famous words “Four score and seven years ago…” is one of the most memorable speeches in American history. He delivered it at the dedication of a military cemetery at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, during the American Civil War. This was four months after The Battle of Gettysburg was fought in which more than 45,000 men were killed, injured, captured or went missing. Within 2-3 minutes, Lincoln moved the public and reminded them why they had to win the Civil War. He also invoked the principles of human equality contained in the Declaration of Independence and connected the sacrifices of the Civil War with the desire for “a new birth of freedom.”

    The Gettysburg Address

    • 1917 Indira Gandhi born: Indira Gandhi was the fourth and only female Prime Minister of India. Born in Allahabad, she was also the longest-serving Prime Minister after her father Jawaharlal Nehru. She is known for her role in the Indo-Pak wars, liberation of Bangladesh, imposing a national emergency and the Operation Blue Star.
    • 1942 Soviet launches counterattack at Stalingrad: The Soviet Red Army launched its counteroffensive Operation Uranus under General Georgi Zhukov. This turned the tide of the Battle of Stalingrad. It involved the use of large Soviet mechanized and infantry forces to encircle German and other Axis forces directly around Stalingrad.
    • 1969 Peléscored his 1,000th goal: Brazilian soccer legend Pelé scored his 1,000th goal on a penalty kick against Vasco da Gama in Rio de Janeiro’s Maracana Stadium, as eighty-thousand fans cheered for him. During his long career, Pelé scored 1,282 goals in 1,363 games. In 1978, he was given the International Peace Award and in 1993 he was inducted into the National Soccer Hall of Fame.

    Pelé

    • 1985 Reagan and Gorbachev meet for the first time: For the first time in eight years, US President Ronald Reagan and Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev held a summit conference meeting in Geneva. No major agreements were signed between the two, but the meeting was successful as the two men bonded well.
    • 1992 International Men’s Day: In the early 1990s Thomas Oaster, the director of the Missouri Center for Men’s Studies, invited various organizations to hold small International Men’s Day events in February. But they were not successful. Then, in 1999 Trinidad and Tobago Jerome Teelucksingh from the University of West Indies, revived this day. The day seeks to promote positive aspects of male identity based on the premise that men respond more constructively to positive role models than to negative gender stereotyping.
    • 1994 Aishwarya Rai crowned 44th Miss World: India’s Aishwarya Rai succeeded Jamaica’s Lisa Hanna for the Miss World Title in 1994 Sun City, South Africa at the age of 21.

    Aishwarya Rai

    • 2001 World Toilet Day: Jack Sim, a philanthropist from Singapore, founded the NGO World Toilet Organization and declared 19th November as World Toilet Day. The day celebrates toilets and raises awareness of the 4.2 billion people living without access to safely managed sanitation. It is about taking action to tackle the global sanitation crisis and achieve Sustainable Development Goal 6: water and sanitation for all by 2030.
    • 2010 Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows Part 1 released worldwide: Directed by David Yeats, the film is the 7th installment in the Harry Potter series. It was the third highest-grossing film of 2010, behind Toy Story 3 and Alice in Wonderland. It received two nominations at the 83rd Academy Awards for Best Art Direction and Best Visual Effects.

    Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows Part 1

    • 2017 Zimbabwe President Robert Mugabe refused to resign: The ruling ZANU-PF Party had given the president a deadline to resign or face impeachment. But the 93-year-old leader defied the ultimatum in a TV speech after being ousted as leader of the party. He was replaced with former Vice-President Emmerson Mnangagwa.
    • 2019 LeBron James sets an NBA record: American basketballer LeBron James, on 19th November, became the first player in NBA history to record a triple-double against all 30 franchises. James hit 25 points, 11 rebounds and 10 assists as LA Lakers’ beat Oklahoma City Thunder 112-107. “I really don’t know what to think about it,” he said. “I just think it’s a pretty cool stat to know, and I’m glad it happened in a win.”

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    Pele displayed items celebrating his 1,000th goal before a memorabilia auction in London in 2016

    Sao Paulo (AFP) - The revered Brazil striker Pele scored his 1,000th goal on November 19, 1969 at Rio de Janeiro's Maracana stadium in a match between his beloved Santos and local outfit Vasco de Gama, whose vast ranks of fans gave the iconic No. 10 a standing ovation.

    That goal half a century ago was a beautifully converted penalty which escaped the grasp of the Vasco goalkeeper, sparking a pitch invasion by the press and culminating in Pele being paraded shoulder-high around the historic stadium by his teammates.

    Swarms of photographers and journalists had been poised pitchside for the moment.

    Pele, a national hero after helping Brazil to two World Cup wins in 1958 and 1962, was still just 29 years old when he broke the 1,000-goal barrier.

    The penalty decision was a doubtful one. Pele recently joked that with today's VAR system it would likely have been refused.

    The goal has etched itself into the Brazilian national consciousness, a deft finish into the bottom right corner, with Pele running to collect the ball and kissing it as he turned away.

    Some 65,157 fans had bought tickets for the Brazilian league match in which Pele scored the landmark goal and which Santos went on to win 2-1. Folklore says there were 80,000 in the stands.

    Even if today there is debate over the exact number of his goals that should count in an official tally, there is no debate over Pele's sublime goal-scoring talent and the place the now 79-year-old holds in the public imagination.

    "I don't need a party to celebrate this," Pele said after the goal. "For me it is much more important to help poor children and those in need, I'm thinking above all of the kind of Christmas those people are going to spend."

    Years later, Pele would tell an anecdote about street children in Santos and how the message from his 1,000th goal was for them.

    "A few days before the goal I was in Santos and I saw some kids trying to steal cars and I said: 'Hey boys what are you doing?' They tried to justify it by saying they would only target cars from Sao Paulo, so I told them they shouldn't rob anyone at all. That was the message from my 1,000th goal," Pele said.

    Pele also says he held off from scoring his 1,000th goal so he could achieve the feat on the big stage at the Maracana.

    In a hastily arranged friendly against Botofogo two weeks earlier he scored twice to take his tally to 999.

    Then, on November 16, Santos played in Salvador against Bahia.

    "I don't want to annoy the Baianos, but I wanted the goal to be in an official game, so I stopped shooting at goal in that game. I was afraid the players would just let it in," he said.

    - A thousand goals with Santos -

    Many studies have been done on whether or not the November 19 goal was indeed his 1,000th and there are differences of opinion.

    Whatever the count Pele, and his entourage, have settled on a final unofficial tally of 1,281 goals in 1,363 games, though that includes the many friendlies Santos played.

    There is also his 1,000th goal in a Santos shirt which came against Universidad de Mexico in a friendly in Chicago July 2, 1972.

    International football research web site RSSSF (Rec. Sport Soccer Statistics Foundation) put Pele's total at 767 in 831 official matches. That puts him only third in the all-time list.

    Czech striker Josef Bican stands top with 805 goals in 530 games in a career interrupted by World War II. Romario, who helped Brazil to the 1994 World Cup, is second on 772 goals from 994.

    Breathing down Pele's neck are current stars Cristiano Ronaldo on 724 from 1,018 games and Lionel Messi on 708 from 890.


    Soccer legend Pele launches ‘the most important sports auction in history’

    Global soccer legend Pele is to auction off his worldly belongings next month with 2,000 pieces of memorabilia up for grabs.

    A sale in June conducted by Beverly Hills firm Julien’s Auctions will sell off items ranging from World Cup winning medals and match-worn shirts to personal passports and driving licenses.

    Pele, also known as Edson Arantes do Nascimento, has not fully divulged the reason for the sale but said in a statement that some proceeds would go to charity.

    “Having donated a significant portion of my collection to the City of Santos, I have decided to allow fans and collectors to own a piece of my history as well,” he said.

    “I hope they treasure these artifacts and share my story with their children and generations to come. I will also be donating a portion of the proceeds from the auction to Pequeno Principe, the largest pediatric hospital in Brazil,” added the three-time World Cup winner.

    The auction house says on its website that the sale is the most ‘important sports auction in history’ and covers every part of Pele’s career. Items will go under the hammer over three days in London from June 7 as auctioneers attempt to sell more than 2,000 pieces of Pele memorabilia.

    STEVE BRUCE MUST GO

    One of the highlights will be the actual ball that Pele struck to score his thousandth professional goal.

    The 75 –year-old Brazilian still holds the Guinness World Record for goals scored in a career with 1,283.


    This Day in History

    Edson Arantes do Nascimento or Pelé, grew up in poverty. The origin of the “Pelé” nickname is unclear, though he recalled despising it when his friends first referred to him. Pelé signed with Santos professional soccer club when he was 15. He scored the first professional goal of his career before he turned 16, led the league in goals in his first full season and was recruited in the Brazilian national team.

    The world was officially introduced to Pelé in the 1958 World Cup in Sweden. Displaying remarkable speed, athleticism and field vision, the 17-year-old erupted to score three goals in a 5-2 semifinal win over France, then netted two more in the finals, a 5-2 win over the host country. The young superstar received hefty offers to play for European clubs, and Brazilian President Jânio Quadros eventually had Pelé declared a national treasure, making it legally difficult for him to play in another country.

    Pelé aggravated a groin injury two games into the 1962 World Cup in Chile, sitting out the final rounds while Brazil went on to claim its second straight title. Four years later, in England, a series of brutal attacks by opposing defenders again forced him to the sidelines with leg injuries, and Brazil was bounced from the World Cup after one round. Despite the disappointment on the world stage, the legend of Pelé continued to grow. In the late 1960s, the two factions in the Nigerian Civil War reportedly agreed to a 48-hour ceasefire so they could watch Pelé play in an exhibition game in Lagos.

    The 1970 World Cup in Mexico marked a triumphant return to glory for Pelé and Brazil. Headlining a formidable squad, Pelé scored four goals in the tournament, including one in the final to give Brazil a 4-1 victory over Italy. Pelé announced his retirement from soccer in 1974, but he was lured back to the field the following year to play for the New York Cosmos in the North American Soccer League, and temporarily helped make the NASL a big attraction. He played his final game in an exhibition between New York and Santos in October 1977, competing for both sides, and retired with a total of 1,281 goals in 1,363 games, holding ‘most career goals (football)’ record in Guiness World Records. Pelé was named FIFA’s “Co-Player of the Century” in 1999, along with Argentine Diego Maradona.


    Watch the video: CR7 and Peles emotional night (June 2022).