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A city in Pennsylvania.
(PF-62: dp. 1,264; 1. 303'11"; b. 37'6"; dr. 13'8"; s. 20.3 k.; cpl. 214; a. 3 3",/50 cal. cl. Tacoma )
Gladwyne (PF-t,2), formerly Worcester, was launched 7 January 1944 by the Globe Shipbuilding Co., Superior. Wis.; sponsored by Mrs. Phyllis M. Bennett ; and commissioned 21 November 1944, Lt. Comdr. R. G. Miller, USCG, in command.
After shakedown, Gladwyne sailed from Philadelphia 21 January 1945 for Casco Bay, Maine, arriving 2 days later.Following training exercises there she made two round trip transatlantic convoy escort voyages to Oran, Algeria, one each from New York and Norfolk, from 6 February-14 May 1945, returning to Boston each time. Refresher training at Casco Bay occupied June and on 31 July Gladwyne sailed from Boston via Panama to reach Majuro 5 September. She served as plane guard their and at Kwajalein until putting in at Pearl Harbor 27 December 1945. Underway again 23 February 1946, Gladwyne patrolled on weather station until mooring at San Francisco 9 April. Decommissioned there 15 April 1946 she was stricken from the Navy list October 1946 and sold to the Mexican government 24 November 1947. She served Mexico as Papaloapan until disposed of in 1965.
Gladwyne PF-62 - History
From: Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships , Vol. III, p 104,105
(PF-62: dp. 1,264 1. 303'11" b. 37'6" dr. 13'8" s.20.3 k. cpl. 214 a. 3 3"/50 cal. cl. Tacoma)
Gladwyne (PF-62), formerly Worcester, was launched 7 January, 1944 by the Globe Shipbuilding Co., Superior, Wis. sponsored by Mrs. Phyllis M. Bennett and commissioned 21 November 1944, Lt. Comdr. R. G. Miller, USCG, in command.
After shakedown, Gladwyne sailed from Philadelphia 21 January, 1945 for Casco Bay, Maine. arriving 2 days later. Following training exercises there, she made two round trip transatlantic convoy escort voyages to Oran, Algeria, one each from New York and Norfolk, from 6 February-4 May 1945, returning to Boston each time. Refresher training at Casco Bay occupied June, and on 31 July Gladwyne sailed from Boston via Panama to reach Majuro 5 September. She served as plane guard there and at Kwajalein until putting in at Pearl Harbor 27 December, 1945. Underway again 23 February, 1946, Gladwyne patrolled on weather station until mooring at San Francisco 9 April. Decommissioned there 15 April, 1946 she was stricken from the Navy List 8 October, 1946 and sold to the Mexican Government 24 November, 1947 She served Mexico as Papaloapan until disposed of in 1965.
These statistics include only surgical and medical abortions. Because many contraceptive measures are abortifacients (drugs that induce or cause abortions), it is important not to overlook the number of children killed by chemical abortions. Since 1965, an average of 11 million women have used abortifacient methods of birth control in the United States at any given time. Using formulas based on the way the birth control pill works, pharmacy experts project that about 14 million chemical abortions occur in the United States each year, providing a projected total of well in excess of 610 million chemical abortions between 1965 and 2009.
When conducting research on abortion statistics, you may also encounter two different sets of numbers. One set is from the Centers for Disease Control, and the other is from the Guttmacher Institute—the “independent research arm” of Planned Parenthood Federation of America.
The Guttmacher Institute totals are actually the more accurate since the Institute conducts private research on abortion providers throughout the country and because not all states are required to report to the CDC. In fact, California and New York, where high numbers of abortions occur, are not included in CDC figures.
Here's how much the typical 62-year-old beneficiary receives each month
Given this information, you might be under the impression that most seniors wait a bit before taking their Social Security benefits. However, the data shows otherwise.
A majority of Americans (around 60%) claim their payout prior to reaching their full retirement age, and the single-most-popular claiming age is 62. Please note that when I say "single-most-popular claiming age," I'm referring to situations where retired workers get to choose when to begin taking their payouts. This removes folks who are automatically transitioned to retired worker benefits from disability benefits at age 66 (i.e., their full retirement age).
The question is, what can the typical retired worker expect to receive from Social Security at age 62? According to payout statistics from the Social Security Administration in June 2020, the average Social Security benefit at age 62 is $1,130.16 a month, or $13,561.92 a year. That's only $800 above the federal poverty line for a one-person household in 2020, and well below the average retired-worker benefit of $1,514.13 a month in June 2020.
Why would retirees be willing to accept an up to 30% permanent reduction in their monthly payout from Social Security just to take their benefit a couple of years early? For some folks, the answer is simply that they don't have any other sources of income. For others, it could be a strategic move, such as a lower-earning spouse wanting to generate income for their household. But I'd be willing to bet that a lack of understanding of the Social Security program has played a role in these early claims, too.
Image source: Getty Images.
یواساس گلدویین (پیاف-۶۲)
یواساس گلدویین (پیاف-۶۲) (به انگلیسی: USS Gladwyne (PF-62) ) یک کشتی بود که طول آن ۳۰۳ فوت ۱۱ اینچ (۹۲٫۶۳ متر) بود. این کشتی در سال ۱۹۴۴ ساخته شد.
|آباندازی:||۱۴ اکتبر ۱۹۴۳|
|آغاز کار:||۷ ژانویه ۱۹۴۴|
|به دست آورده شده:||۲۴ نوامبر ۱۹۴۷|
|وزن:||۱٬۴۳۰ long ton (۱٬۴۵۳ تن)|
|درازا:||۳۰۳ فوت ۱۱ اینچ (۹۲٫۶۳ متر)|
|پهنا:||۳۷ فوت ۶ اینچ (۱۱٫۴۳ متر)|
|آبخور:||۱۳ فوت ۸ اینچ (۴٫۱۷ متر)|
|سرعت:||۲۰ گره (۳۷ کیلومتر بر ساعت؛ ۲۳ مایل بر ساعت)|
این یک مقالهٔ خرد کشتی یا قایق است. میتوانید با گسترش آن به ویکیپدیا کمک کنید.
After shakedown off Bermuda, Moberly reported to the Atlantic Fleet on 8 February 1945 for escort duty. Assigned to TG 60.1, she departed Norfolk, Virginia, 22 February in the screen of North African bound convoy UGS-76. She reached Oran, Algeria, 10 March, thence sailed on the 18th with westbound convoy GUS-76. Transferred to TG-60.7 on 29 March, she joined the eastbound convoy UGS-82 in the mid-Atlantic and returned to Oran on 8 April. Once again, the frigate sailed for the United States on 17 April. The escorts left the convoy off New York about noon on 5 May and headed for Boston, Massachusetts.
In company with Atherton (DE-169) and Amick (DE-168), Moberly approached Buzzards Bay late that afternoon, only two days before Germany surrendered. At 1854, on orders from CTG 60.7 in Ericsson (DD-440), then at the southern entrance to the Cape Cod Canal, the ships turned about to search for a German submarine off Block Island. At 1740, U-853 had torpedoed and sunk Black Point within sight of Point Judith, Rhode Island, as the American collier headed for Boston.
With Lieutenant Commander Tollaksen in tactical command, the ships reached the area at 1920 and after forming a scout line off Block Island, they began a sweep to seaward at 2010. Within 15 minutes, Atherton detected the snorkel submarine, bottomed in a depth of 18 fathoms. The destroyer escort dropped magnetic depth charges at 2028, and during the next 30 minutes fired two full spreads of hedgehogs.
Working as an effective hunter-killer group, Atherton and Moberly continued the search and destroy operations. At 2341 the escort launched hedgehogs which brought large amounts of oil, air bubbles, and debris to the surface. The two ships delivered four more attacks in the early hours of 6 May, and by dawn oil and flotsam littered the ocean. The ships recovered such conclusive evidence as planking, life rafts, a chart tabletop, clothing, and an officer's cap, which indicated the accuracy and severity of the earlier attacks. To be certain however, they pounded the lifeless U-boat throughout the morning then at 1240, TG 60.7 headed for Boston with "brooms at mastheads."
Moberly operated between Boston and New York until 31 July when she sailed with three other frigates for the Pacific. She transited the Panama Canal on 8 August and reached Pearl Harbor on the 23rd. Six days later Moberly and Gladwyne (PF-62) sailed for the Marshall Islands to begin weather station and plane guard patrols. The frigates reached Majuro on 5 September, and during the next six months they alternated on patrolling their assigned area out of Majuro and later out of Kwajalein.
Moberly returned to the west coast early in April 1946 and subsequently served in the 13th Naval District. She decommissioned on 12 August 1946. Authorized by the Secretary of the Navy for disposal on 29 August, Moberly was struck from the Navy list on 23 April 1947. She was sold for scrapping to Franklin Shipwrecking Company of Hillside, New Jersey, on 27 October 1947.
Moberly received one battle star for World War II service.
Service history [ edit | edit source ]
After shakedown, Gladwyne sailed from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, on 21 January 1945 for Casco Bay, Maine, arriving there two days later. Following training exercises there, she made two round trip trans-Atlantic convoy escort voyages to Oran, Algeria, one each from New York and Norfolk, Virginia, from 6 February through 14 May 1945, returning to Boston, Massachusetts, each time. Refresher training at Casco Bay occupied June, and on 31 July Gladwyne sailed from Boston via Panama to the Pacific.
On 29 August, Gladwyne and Moberly (PF-63) sailed for the Marshall Islands to begin weather station and plane guard patrols. The frigates reached Majuro on 5 September, and during the next months they alternated on patrolling their assigned area out of Majuro and later out of Kwajalein. Gladwyne then sailed to Pearl Harbor putting in there on 27 December 1945. Underway again on 23 February 1946, Gladwyne returned to Majuro and patrolled on weather station until mooring at San Francisco, California, on 9 April.
Decommissioned there on 15 April 1946, she was stricken from the Navy List on 8 October 1946 and sold to the Mexican Government on 24 November 1947. She served Mexico as ARM Papaloapan until disposed of in 1965.
Charles Ludington stemmed from Old Lyme, Connecticut, and was a graduate of Yale Law School. He married Ethel Saltus in 1895 and they lived in Manhattan where Charles practiced law. In 1901, he took the position of secretary and treasurer of the Curtis Publishing Company in Philadelphia and the Ludingtons moved to the Main Line.
Mill Creek Valley. A ten acre hilly tract with a mansion, carriage house, artist&rsquos studio and spring house on Old Gulph Road in Gladwyne (formerly Ardmore) was purchased in 1905. Their estate, named Clovelly, was cherished, remodeled and newly built on for over 50 years. The 19th- and 20th century architectural history of the property represents a microscopic tale of the aesthetics, social life and development of the Main Line from the founding fathers to the present.
Furness and Evans. The first house built on this hillside east of John Roberts&rsquo residence and grain mill on Mill Creek was one for the prominent dentist, Dr. Henry C. Register, designed by Furness and Evans. After fire destroyed most of the building in 1897, Edgar V. Seeler, architect for the Curtis Publishing Company, rebuilt the house in a Colonial Revival mode. The estate was newly named Clovelly after an English town.
When the Ludington&rsquos took possession of Clovelly in 1905, Charles became actively involved in Philadelphia educational institutions and academies, served as treasurer for the Bryn Mawr Presbyterian Church and was a member of many social clubs.
As was the tradition of the day, Ethel served her family, home and social causes. Her strong leadership, enthusiasm and a zest for life won her many friends. An extensive formal garden adjoining a squash court became her pride and joy.
During 1913-14 the estate was remodeled by another local architect, Horace Well Sellers. The west porch wing was extensively expanded, adding new charm for both family and visitors. The joy of the remodeled home was dampened by the diagnosis that Ethel was suffering from tuberculosis. Despite her illness, the family maintained an active travel schedule both in America and Europe. Sanitarium stays in the west and Saranac Lake did little to curb Ethel&rsquos disease on September 7, 1922, she died after a valiant battle at the age of 51. No one was more devastated than her husband, her most devoted follower.
Memorial To Ethel. Thanks to his wealth, Charles Ludington was able to turn his wife&rsquos untimely death into a philanthropic cause to memorialize her life. A small book told of her community efforts, spirit and intelligence. A new infirmary was built for the Saranac Lake sanatorium. Funds went to the Ardmore Library, and $50,000 built the new Ludington Library in Bryn Mawr. Ethel Saltus Ludington&rsquos name became prominently attached to the built environment.
The Ludington estate&rsquos architecture and open space remains reminiscent of the dedication of a former Main Line family to the community.
1936 aerial view of the Ludington estate in Gladwyne. Clovelly, at left, is the Colonial Revival home designed by Seeler (alterations and additions by Sellers and later by Durham) for Charles Ludington. The 1933 modern Court House, at right, was built by Durham for C. Townsend Ludington on the former squash court adjacent to the formal gardens.
Mill Creek, by Furness, Evans & Co., originally on the site of Clovelly, was built in 1887 for Dr. Henry C. Register. The building burned in 1897.
Carriage house of Henry C. Register built by Furness, Evans & Co. in 1887 and converted to a residence during the 1950s. Pictured here before its demolition in 1998.
The south and east facades of Clovelly, built by Edgar V. Seeler on the site of Dr.Register&rsquos Mill Creek after a fire in 1897. The Furness and Evans carriage house remained with some changes.
The Ludington family on the south porch of Clovelly, c. 1918. Charles Henry Ludington, Wright, Nicholas, Townsend and Ethel. The boys grew up at Clovelly, but as teenagers, each was sent to a different boarding school.
Old photo of the estate&rsquos beautiful gardens. In addition to the colorful flower beds, Clovelly boasted sweeping lawns and unusual specimen trees.
Ethel Saltus Ludington in a 1909 painting.
Mid 1920s photograph of Charles Ludington.
In 1926 Charles gave $50,000 to build a library as a monument to his beloved Ethel, a tribute to values they both held dear. Additions in the 1950s, 60s and 80s have enveloped the original building (see Libraries).
Portrait of Charles Ludington (c. 1920s) in Bryn Mawr&rsquos Ludington Library.
J. Howard Pew&rsquos Knollbrook
Knollbrook, a 13 acre estate owned by J. Howard Pew during his lifetime, sits high on a hill at Grays Lane and Mill Creek Road. It was built on land owned by John Roberts, the miller. In 1845, Samuel Croft, who also operated mills, purchased 35 acres to be used for farming. In 1883, he sold his acreage to his friend and attorney, I. Layton Register. Register built Lynhurst, designed by noted Philadelphia architect, Frank Furness, in 1890.
Giving about 5-1/2 acres to each of his children, Register built Knollbrook for his son, Albert Layton Register. Completed by 1908, the home was one of the a few country houses built of brick and was unusual in having the regularity of Georgian design. Philadelphia architect, Lindley Johnson, planned the early Knollbrook.
Records indicate that J. Howard Pew rented the house before buying the 8.29 acre estate from Register&rsquos three sons in 1917. The Pews soon brought in another architect, William Woodburn Potter, who planned the additions.
At first Knollbrook was a relatively small, block shaped colonial with typical center-hall design. In the following half century it was more than doubled in length and so embellished that it is now one of the outstanding Georgian homes on the Main Line.
When Mr. Pew bought Knollbrook, the land was mainly open fields which had been pastureland for Register&rsquos sheep. Some of the old sheep pens, stables and farm houses were still to be seen on the property into the 1970s.
J. Howard Pew was immensely interested in his property. He transformed the grounds into three immaculate terraces which drop with the hillside, complete with putting green and swimming pool. Courtyards were created with a fountain, as were paths, springs with little bridges, a rock garden, and a greenhouse.
At the time of Pew&rsquos death in 1971, the estate contained 65 acres. Much of these holdings have been subdivided. Three other Register houses, Lynhurst, Gray Grange and Dove Lake Farm, are still in existance. The present owners of Knollbrook have renamed the estate, Camelot.
Lynhurst, designed by Frank Furness in 1890 for attorney I. Layton Register.
Knollbrook entrance, early 1970s.
J. Howard Pew, 1947 photo, became president of Sun Oil Company at age 30.
Knollbrook today, nestled in foliage on its hillside setting, is barely visible from along Mill Creek Road.
The Log House. At the end of a long lane in Gladwyne is a simple dwelling, probably built for a worker on Herbert&rsquos farm between 1698 and 1700. Nothing is known of its history in the 18th or 19th centuries until the 1860s. William Booth bought part of the Herbert farm, adjacent to his mill, and included the cabin. Booth&rsquos farmer, John Doran and his wife, Martha, lived in the one room building. In 1872, it was made into a six room house to accommodate the Doran&rsquos growing family. They lived there until 1892.
One previous owner relates, "Laurence Jordan, a black handyman, used to live in the cabin. He grew melons in the field by the cemetery (Har-Ha-Zetim) and also had a couple of cows. There was a date stone in the north peak of the cabin: 1698. It was stolen! The cement between the logs was made of hair. I think it&rsquos the oldest standing structure we have on the Main Line."
Seymour DeWitt Ludlum stumbled across the almost deserted village of Rose Glen on a horseback ride from his home in Merion. The setting was perfect for a sanitarium for the mentally ill that the young psychiatrist planned to found. Most of the industry that had thrived along Mill Creek a half century before was gone, but the buildings were intact. It was isolated, calm and beautiful, an ideal location. Dr. Ludlum bought the buildings that had been a little hamlet: the post office and store, the Merion Mills across the stream and nearby houses.
Over the years they were turned into hospital wards, laboratories, doctors&rsquo offices and living quarters. Called The Gladwyne Colony, to the passerby it seemed to be a "little village out of yesterday."
Young DeWitt, seated in front with his Great Dane, his mother, Beta Hoerle Ludlum and his maternal grandparents. They all lived at Fernside.
Dr. Ludlum died at 80. His son, S. DeWitt Ludlum, Jr., who had assisted for many years, became the director of the Colony and ran it for another decade. By this time the newly built Schuylkill Expressway made all of Gladwyne accessible, the land values higher and brought more people to live there.
Ensuing changes in medical standards, increased fees and public attitude made the Colony increasingly difficult to run. It was sold and only Ludlum&rsquos house, Fernside, remains.
Dr. Ludlum in later years, on the porch.
Formerly a post office during the time of Chadwick&rsquos Mill. The Inn was The Gladwyne Colony&rsquos main office on Mill Creek Road at the foot of Rose Glen.
Dr. Ludlum&rsquos house, Fernside, in a early photo, the only Colony building that survived. It has recently undergone a sensational rehab.
The original stone facade fronts a very modern wing.
The Gladwyne Colony in winter: the former Chadwick Mill at left and the administration building and offices at right. When able, patients were encouraged to work on the grounds, plant gardens, care for the many animals at the Colony and also participate in therapeutic crafts
Gladwyne Colony therapeutic crafts room.
"I was born in Lower Merion in 1914. No brothers or sisters, just me. My father, Dr. Seymour DeWitt Ludlum (1876-1956), was a psychiatrist. On a ride in 1912, he found the valley and said, &lsquoThis is what I want.&rsquo I was born in a building called Chadwick. very close to the stream and Rose Glen Road. Father built a number of buildings. One was his hospital. he wanted a place he could put patients according to their ability to live under supervision for a week. He often had one hundred patients! I lived in what was called "the laboratory." It was father&rsquos office, where he worked. Eventually, there were about 13 buildings on 30 acres.
My parents were divorced when I was four, so I lived with my mother in North Jersey. Mother was a pretty high-handed person. I didn&rsquot get to meet people, except the ones she liked. Therefore, I wasn&rsquot a mixer. She was always taking me out of school. I went to 14 schools. it wasn&rsquot too pleasant. I traveled with her on many trips to Europe. We lived abroad for a while. Rome, Paris, Vienna.
Back home, I went to Solebury School for a year. Father wanted me to go to Hoosac, so I transferred. Then on to Penn. Then into the Army. From &lsquo46 to &lsquo52, I started working for my father in the managerial part of the hospital. Then over to Bryn Mawr Hospital. In the Army I had learned how to do electro-spectroscopy. I was at Bryn Mawr for 30 years in the EEG department. When I retired in &rsquo82, I went back the next day as a volunteer, two days a week. Been there 15 years. The hospital has been my second home for 45 years. They can&rsquot get rid of me!"
J. Presper Eckert (1919-1995) was the co-inventor, in 1946, of the world&rsquos first electronic digital computer, ENIAC.
- The only son of a prominent Philadelphia family of real estate developers and builders, Eckert proved to be an electronic whiz kid. At age 8, he built his own crystal radio on top of a lead pencil at 12, he designed remote-controlled toys and played complicated numbers games with his father as a teenager, he constructed the forerunner of today&rsquos portable radio and built hi-fi amplifiers that he installed in his school (Penn Charter). He scored second highest in the country on the college entrance examinations.
- After graduation in 1937, he entered the Wharton School of Business. "I lasted three days," Eckert recalled with a laugh. "They were putting me to sleep. They took simple ideas and took forever to explain them." Thwarted in his longing to go into physics, he enrolled at U. Penn&rsquos Moore School of Electrical Engineering. Pres Eckert got his Master&rsquos in 1943 and soon was brainstorming with Prof. John W. Mauchly, a Penn research instructor 12 years older than he. It was an association that would bring fame to both men.
- During World War II, the Army had given a $150,000 grant to the Moore School to find a way to speed up ballistics calculations needed to aim its big guns. To plot the flight of a projectile that might last 60 seconds took one person about 20 hours. The project began on April 9, 1943. Pres&rsquo 24th birthday. 200 people, many working 16 to 20 hours a day (Eckert and Mauchly often slept on cots at school), spent two and a half years on the development of the Electronic Numerical Integrator and Calculator.
- That first computer was a 30-ton monster: 80 feet long and 8 feet high, a mass of hundreds of thousands of wires, tubes, resistors and capacitors. In 1946, ENIAC was moved to the Aberdeen Proving Grounds in Maryland to work its miracles.
- Long after the war, the behemoth was dismantled. In 1955, a large section was sent to the Smithsonian, parts to West Point, and one panel to Eckert&rsquos home in Gladwyne. Pres delighted, at parties, to pull aside the living room drapes to dramatically reveal a homely black panel. his "baby."
The former Dorrance estate in Gladwyne.
A notable Lower Merion resident who lived in Gladwyne but worked in Camden, was John T. Dorrance, chairman of the board of the Campbell Soup Company. He died of a heart attack at the Bryn Mawr Hospital in 1989 at the age of 70. At the time he was a trustee and heavily involved with the Philadelphia Museum of Art, one of his many charitable interests. A shy and unassuming man, Dorrance grew up in Radnor, attended the Montgomery School in Wynnewood, St. George&rsquos School in Rhode Island, then Princeton University. After his graduation in 1941, Dorrance was drafted into the Army as a private but rose to become a lieutenant with the OSS during World War II. He served in China.
Jack Dorrance, as he was called, is well remembered in Lower Merion because of his contributions to every honorable charitable organization in the Township, from hospitals to libraries to fire companies as well as the larger organizations in the city and nationally. Dorrance served on the boards of a number of institutions including the Wistar Institute, Princeton University, the Church Farm School, Hampton University in Virginia, the Eisenhower Exchange Fellowships, the Academy of Natural Sciences, the Philadelphia Maritime Museum, the PennJerDel Corporation and the World Wildlife Fund. proof that people of means can make significant commitments to the world about them.
Clement A. Griscom, president of International Navigation Company, lived in Haverford at his estate, Dolobran. He invested in Soapstone Farm, a 130 acre quarry in Gladwyne, (1919 photo) off Monk Road. Soapstone and sandstone pits had been there near the river since Lenape times. The Indians used soapstone for jewelry and tradition claims that the steps at Independence Hall came from that quarry.
The house of a tenant farmer and his family.
Dam on Mill Creek Road that pumped water to the Clement Griscom home, later to John T. Dorrance&rsquos hilltop estate. The dam was demolished in a 1953 flood.
House and store along River Road in Gladwyne, date of photo unknown.
The Pew Family
The Pew family, an extraordinary clan (mainly based in Lower Merion) made important early contributions to American industry. Their plans eventually made an influential impact on a local, national and worldwide scale. Their founding of the Sun Oil Company led to a sensational business success which, in turn, was able to support the family&rsquos beliefs in contributing to the community&rsquos needs. That goal funded The Pew Charitable Trusts, which continues the family&rsquos commitment to support nonprofit organizations working in the areas of culture, education, the environment, health and human services, public policy and religion.
Joseph Newton Pew (1848-1912)
Raised on a farm in western Pennsylvania, he was the youngest of ten children. When Pew was 11, America&rsquos first oil well gushed forth in Titusville, not far from his home. In the 1870s he went forth to seek his fortune in real estate and insurance.
After his marriage to Mary Catherine Anderson, he applied hard work and enterprise to develop the Keystone Gas Company, which used the byproducts of oil (natural gas) to provide local heat and light.
In the late 1880s, the growth of the enterprise led to the founding of the Sun Oil Company. During this period, J.N. Pew and his wife began to raise a family and to pass along those values that they believed were essential to leading a productive and faithful life.
In 1902, Pew entered into a partnership to build a refinery along the Delaware River (an 82 acre site at Marcus Hook). The first oceanborne crude oil was shipped there that year.
By this time, J.N. Pew was the father of five. In 1908, he moved his family to Glenmede, the former Graham estate on Old Gulph Road and Morris Roads in Bryn Mawr. At his death in 1912, Joseph&rsquos second son, John Howard Pew, age 30, became president of Sun Oil Company.
J. Howard Pew (1882-1971)
Under J. Howard&rsquos regime, the Sun Oil volume was estimated to have multiplied forty times. His earliest contributions were scientific. During his regime, he expanded the company into shipbuilding and was proud of Sun Oil&rsquos contribution during two world wars. He was known throughout the organization for his personal interest in his thousands of employees and often made the rounds to check in with workers on all levels.
His 67-acre estate, Knollbrook on Grays Lane, was a short distance from his brother Joe&rsquos place. Unlike Joe, J. Howard led a plain life, disliked entertaining and enjoyed long walks around his estate. During World War II, he ignored his cars and chauffeurs and took the train to work each day. Deeply religious, he participated in the affairs of the Presbyterian Church on local and national levels. J. Howard Pew died just short of his 90th birthday.
Joseph N. Pew, Jr (1886-1963)
Joe Junior, a Cornell graduate, was the more worldly, outgoing brother. As vice-president of Sun Oil, he was a visionary in both science and commerce. the company&rsquos "idea man." He devised a pipe line from Marcus Hook to the Great Lakes he innovated the custom blending of gasolines he introduced "Blue Sunoco."
At the end of World War II, Sun Oil was one of the few American industries owned and managed by the founding family after five decades. He continued a lifelong commitment to the concept of free competition in the marketplace.
Like his brother, J. Howard, he shared the social responsibility of support for the Presbyterian Church and was a liberal donor to the national Republican Party. He died at 77.
Rocky Crest, Gladwyne estate of Joseph Pew, Jr.
Mary Ethel Pew (1884-1979)
Skylands, in Gladwyne, given to the Lutheran Deaconesses by Mary Ethel Pew.
Mary Ethel Pew graduated with honors from Bryn Mawr College. Her mother&lsquos death in 1935 led to a determination to devote her personal life and inheritance to the support of cancer research.
Mary Ethel made her home at the family&rsquos estate, Glenmede. Her interest in health care prompted her to volunteer at a small hospital run by Lutheran sisters, called Lankenau, which has become an important medical institution in the area.
Ms. Pew, in 1953, gave Skylands, her 26-acre estate in Gladwyne, to the Philadelphia Motherhouse of Deaconesses. Upon her death at the venerable age of 95, her ancestral home, Glenmede, was willed to Bryn Mawr College as its Graduate Center.
Mabel Pew Myrin (1889-1972)
The youngest of J.N.&rsquos children, Mabel devoted her life to "issues of survival," the improvement of the educational process and the problems of caring for and educating the handicapped.
Like her brothers and sister, she was deeply involved in the support of health service institiutions. Scheie Eye Institute and Presbyterian-University of Pennsylvania Medical Center were two institutions that benefitted from her dedication. She was also a longtime benefactor of Saunders House, a care facility for the elderly in Wynnewood.
Alberta Hensel Pew
Joe Jr.&rsquos wife, Alberta, is a fascinating character in the family tree. Though she embodied many of the principles of a priviledged life, she ignored the trappings of advantage in order to pursue her individual course. An avid sportswoman (especially devoted to salmon and trout fishing) she participated in golf, tennis, swimming, sailing, horseback riding and shooting. She was a champion markswoman. a student of Annie Oakley!
Her interest in gardening and the natural world was exceptional. That led to her advocacy for the preservation of open spaces and buildings of historic importance. Part of her land on Dodds Lane in Gladwyne was deeded to the National Lands Trust.
Aside from her personal enthusiasms, she led an energetic life of civic and community service. Mrs. Pew died in 1988 at the age of 96. Her obituary reported that two weeks before her death she snagged seven fish at her Pocono Mountain retreat.
Gladwyne PF-62 - History
Ten "River" class anti-submarine ships (originally called "corvettes" and later "frigates"), then on order in a Canadian shipyard for the British Royal Navy, were transferred to the U.S. Navy in February 1942. These vessels were originally classified as corvettes and numbered in the "gunboat" (PG) series by the USN, and accordingly assigned hull numbers PG-101 through PG-110. The first two were placed in commission as such in December 1942, and the remaining eight were returned to the Royal Navy under "Lend-Lease". A hundred similar ships, modified to American specifications, were ordered from U.S. shipyards under Maritime Commission contracts. These were initially assigned hull numbers PG-111 through PG-210.
On 15 April 1943, the U.S. Navy changed the classification of the first two Canadian-built ships, and of all those planned for construction in the United States, to "patrol escort", or "frigate", with numbers assigned in a newly-established PF series. PG-101 and PG-102, already in commission, became PF-1 and PF-2. The rest became PF-3 through PF-102, of which PF-3 through PF-71, PF-93, PF-94 and PF-99 through PF-102 were commissioned for U.S. Navy service, generally with crews provided by the U.S. Coast Guard. Four more (PF-95 through PF-98) were cancelled before being laid down. Twenty-one (PF-72 through PF-92) were turned over to Great Britain while building, with only PF-72 ever having a U.S. Navy name assigned. Twenty-three PFs were loaned to the Soviet Navy in 1945, following USN service, and several others were briefly employed by the U.S. Coast Guard in 1946.
The U.S. Navy regarded these rather "low-tech" ships as a strictly wartime expedient. In 1946-1947 nearly all of them were disposed of by sale to other nations' navies and civilian users or as scrap. With the exception of one wrecked in 1948, those loaned to the Soviets were returned in 1949 and laid up pending disposal. Returned to service during the Korean War, some recommissioned as U.S. Navy ships before all were transferred to South Korea, Japan, Thailand and Colombia in 1950-1953. A few of the Korean frigates remained in the U.S. Naval Vessel Register for nearly two more decades, though this was essentially a legal formality.
The Cold War begat another six ships with "PF" numbers, all built for foreign navies to a basically Italian design. Four (PF-103 through PF-106) went to Iran in 1964 and 1969. PF-107 and PF-108 were delivered to Thailand in 1971 and 1974. The "PF" designation enjoyed a short-lived, and probably final, U.S. Navy reappearance with the initial hull number assignments of what became the Oliver Hazard Perry class guided-missile frigates. Planned as PF-109 through PF-112, the first ship was actually laid down under that designation shortly before they became FFG-7 through FFG-10 in mid-1975. Their numerous sisters were FFGs from the beginning.
Note on the "frigate" classification: The U.S. Navy has used the term "frigate" for two other types of modern warship, one while the PF designation was still nominally in use. That type, classified in 1951 as "destroyer leader" (DL) and changed to frigate (also DL) at the beginning of 1955, included several classes intended mainly as fleet escorts. All but the first five of these ships were guided-missile frigates (DLG, with nuclear-powered versions being DLGN), armed with area-defense anti-aircraft weapons. In mid-1975 the larger DLGs and the DLGNs were reclassified as guided-missile cruisers (CG and CGN), retaining their original DLG/DLGN numbers, while the smaller DLGs became guided-missile destroyers and received new numbers in the DDG series. This action freed the term "frigate" for application to ships previously classified as "escorts" (DE and DEG), which were similar in nature to the frigates of other major navies.
This page provides the hull numbers of all U.S. Navy patrol escorts (or frigates) numbered in the PF series, as adopted in 1943.
See the list below to locate photographs of individual patrol escorts (or frigates) numbered in the PF series.
If the patrol frigate (PF) you want does not have an active link on this page, contact the Photographic Section concerning other research options.
Left Column --
PF-1 through PF-54:
Note: PF-3 through PF-102 were originally designated PG-111 through PG-210
Right Column --
PF-50 through PF-112:
- PF-50 : Carson City (1944-1953)
- PF-51 : Burlington (1944-1953)
- PF-52 : Allentown (1944-1953)
- PF-53 : Machias (1944-1953)
- PF-54 : Sandusky (1944-1953)
- PF-55 : Bath (1944-1953)
- PF-56 : Covington (1944-1947)
- PF-57 : Sheboygan (1944-1947)
- PF-58 : Abilene (1944-1947).
Originally named Bridgeport
- PF-59 : Beaufort (1944-1947)
Note: PF-73 through PF-92, transferred to Great Britain in 1943, were not assigned U.S. Navy names
- PF-93 : Lorain (1945-1947).
Originally named Roanoke
- PF-94 : Milledgeville (1945-1947).
Originally named Sitka
- PF-95 : Stamford (construction cancelled 1943)
- PF-96 : Macon (construction cancelled 1943)
- PF-97 : Lorain (construction cancelled 1943). Originally named Vallejo
- PF-98 : Milledgeville (construction cancelled 1943)
- PF-99 : Orlando (1944-1947)